1. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980. 
  2. Howard, Alexander, ed. Astern in the Dinghy: Commentaries on Ezra Pound’s Thrones de los Cantares 96-109. Glossator 10 (2018)i
  3. Kindellan, Michael.The Late Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Bloomsbury, 2017.
  4. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005. Print. 
  5. Marsh, Alec. Ezra Pound's Washington Cantos and the Struggle for Light. London & New York: Bloomsbury, 2021. Chapter abstracts.
  6. Swift, Daniel. The Bughouse: The Poetry, Politics and Madness of Ezra Pound. London: Harvill Secker, 2017.
  7. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.



  1. Mitchell, Amy Diane. “Form and Transcendence: Touching the Limits of Poetry in Ezra Pound’s ‘Rock-Drill’ and ‘Thrones’, and Basil Bunting’s ‘Briggflatts’.” Diss. U of Western Ontario, 2008. DAI 69.11 (2009): 4340. Abstract.
  2. Poupard, Duncan James. “Rescued into Extinction?: The Case of the Naxi Texts in Translation.” Diss., U of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, 2017 [Chapter 3. Going beyond the pictogram: Echoes of the Naxi in Ezra Pound’s Cantos, 96-124]. Free online.



  1. Casillo, Robert. “L. A. Waddell, and the Aryan Tradition of The Cantos.” Modern Language Studies. 15.2 (1985): 65-81.
  2. Ismail, Jamila. “‘News of the Universe’:2Muan 1Bpö & the Cantos.” Agenda 9/2-3 (Spring-Summer 1971): 70-87.
  3. McDowell, C. and T. Materer “Gyre and Vortex: W. B. Yeats and Ezra Pound.” Twentieth Century Literature 31.4 (winter 1985): 343-67 (CVI 357-8). Print.
  4. Merchant, Moelwyn. “The Coke Cantos.” Agenda 17.3-4 – 18.1 (1979/80):76-85. 
  5. Nicholls, Peter. “‘2 doits to a boodle’: Reckoning with Thrones.” Textual Practice 18.2 (2004): 233-49.  
  6. Scott, Peter Dale. “Anger in Paradise: The Poetic Voicing of Disorder in Pound’s Later Cantos.” Paideuma 19.3 (Winter 1990): 47-63. 
  7. Shaheen, Mohammad Y. “The Story of Abd-el-Melik's Money in Canto 96 and 97.” Ezra Pound and History. Ed. Marianne Korn. Orono: NPF, 1985. 135-44.
  8. Sieburth, R. “In Pound We Trust: the Economy of Poetry/The Poetry of Economics.” Critical Inquiry 14.1 (1987): 142-172.



  1. Alexander, Michael. “Thrones.” The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 216-21. 
  2. Bernetta Quinn, M. “A Study of Thrones by Ezra Pound.” The Merrill Studies in The Cantos. Ed. M. Hénault. Columbus, OH: Ch. Merrill Publishing Company, 1971. 114-125. Print.
  3. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 854-855.] Print. 
  4. Davie, Donald. Ezra Pound. The Poet as Sculptor. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1964. 239-52.
  5. Davie, D. “Res and Verba in Rock-Drill and After” Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 210-220.
  6. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 259-271.] Print.
  7. Liebregts, Peter. “Thrones: 96-109 de los Cantares.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 329-371. Print.
  8. Mitchell Wallace, Emily. “Why not Spirits?” – “The Universe Is Alive”: Ezra Pound, Joseph Rock, the Na-Khi, and Plotinus.” Ezra Pound and China. Ed. Zhaoming Qian. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 2003. 213-277.
  9. Nicholls, Peter. “‘2 doits to  a boodle’: Reckoning with 'Thrones.” Ezra Pound and Referentiality. Ed. Hélène Aji. Paris: Presses de l'Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 2003. 43-58.
  10. Nicholls, Peter A. “The Cantos: Thrones de los Cantares XCVI-CIX.The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. D. Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 46-48. Print.
  11. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing. A Study of The Cantos. London: Macmillan, 1984. 212-221. Print.
  12. Preda, Roxana. “Endings Dis/Continued. Canto CIX.” Ezra Pound’s (Post)Modern Poetics and Politics. New York: Peter Lang, 2001. 139-153. Print. 
  13. Read, Forrest. ’76: One World and the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. 385-412.
  14. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “P.H. Fang and the Naxi Rites in The Cantos.” Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 196-206. Print.
  15. Qian, Zhaoming.  East-West Exchange and Late Modernism: Williams, Moore, Pound.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017 [5. Fang as Pound's Teacher of Naxi Pictographs, 88-104; 6.  Naxi Rites and Vortex in Pound's Final Cantos, 105-124]
  16. Sicari, Stephen. “Thrones.”  Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 187-96.
  17. Stock, Noel. “Thrones 1959.” Reading the Cantos. A Study of Meaning in Ezra Pound. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966. 104-17.
  18. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 253-260.] Print. 
  19. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound The Tragic Years. 1925-1972. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 326-29.


Cantos in periodicals

The Pisan Cantos

rsz security cages where ezra pound was held pisa italy 1945

Rock Drill: LXXXV-XCV

Thrones XCVI-CIX

Drafts and Fragments

A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti


The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2