1. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
  2. Eastman, Barbara. “Building a Temple: An Interpretative Study of Rock Drill 85-95 de los Cantares of Ezra Pound.” Diss. Oxford University, 1978. Print.
  3. Grieve, Thomas. “Annotations to the Chinese in ‘Section: Rock-Drill.’” MA Thesis. Simon Fraser University, 1973. Pdf
  4. Kindellan, Michael. The Late Cantos of Ezra Pound.London: Bloomsbury, 2017.
  5. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005. Print. 
  6. Marsh, Alec. Ezra Pound's Washington Cantos and the Struggle for Light. London & New York: Bloomsbury, 2021. Chapter abstracts.
  7. Mitchell, Amy Diane. “Form and Transcendence: Touching the Limits of Poetry in Ezra Pound’s ‘Rock-Drill’ and ‘Thrones’, and Basil Bunting’s ‘Briggflatts.’” Diss. U of Western Ontario, 2008. DAI 69.11 (2009): 4340. Print. Abstract. 
  8. Swift, Daniel. The Bughouse: The Poetry, Politics and Madness of Ezra Pound. London: Harvill Secker, 2017.
  9. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.



  1. Cole, William. “Pound’s Web: Hypertext in the Rock-Drill Cantos.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 26.2-3 (1997): 137-50. 
  2. Davie, D. “Res and Verba in Rock-Drill and After.” In Modern Critical Views: Ezra Pound. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 127-139 ; Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. P. Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 205-210. 
  3. Grieve, Thomas. “Annotations to the Chinese in ‘Section: Rock-Drill.’” Paideuma 4-2/3 (Fall and Winter 1975): 361-509.
  4. Golston, Michael. “Inaudible Rhythms: Form in Ezra Pound’s Cantos of the Fifties.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 26.2-3 (1997): 123-35.
  5. Kappel, A. J. “The Reading and Writing of a Modern Paradiso: Ezra Pound and the Books of Paradise.” Twentieth Century Literature 27.3 (1981): 223-246. (LXXXV)
  6. Kearns, George. “Reading Pound Writing Chinese: A Page from Rock-Drill.” Modern Critical Views: Ezra Pound. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 199-208.
  7. Kimpel, Ben and T. C. Duncan Eaves. “Pound and Pumpelly.” English Language Notes 17.4 (1980): 293-94. (LXXXIX)
  8. Korg, Jacob. “Jacob Epstein’s Rock Drill and the Cantos.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 4.2-3 (1975): 301-13. 
  9. Reed, Brian M. “Ezra Pound’s Utopia of the Eye: The Chinese Characters in ‘Rock-Drill.’” Paideuma, 26.2/3, (1997) 111–21. JSTOR. Accessed 6 Jun. 2022.
  10. Scott, Peter Dale. “Anger in Paradise: The Poetic Voicing of Disorder in Pound’s Later Cantos.” Paideuma 19.3 (Winter 1990): 47-63.
  11. Scott, Peter Dale. “Energy Near to Benevolence: Anger and Poetic Politics in Rock-Drill.” San Jose Studies 12.3 (Fall 1986): 68-82.
  12. Stauder, Ellen Keck. “‘Crystal Waves Weaving Together’: Visual Notation and the Phrasal Music of the Rock-Drill Cantos.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 26.2-3 (1997): 93-110.
  13. Taylor, Richard. “From Father to Daughter: Selected Letters.” Paideuma: Studies in American and British Modernist Poetry 37 (2010): 193-212. 
  14. Taylor, Richard D. “The Cantos: Section Rock-Drill de los Cantares LXXXV-XCV.” The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Ed. Demetres Tryphonopoulos and Stephen Adams. Westport Ct: Greenwood Press, 2005. 43-46.



  1. Alexander, Michael. “Rock-Drill.  The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 212-16.
  2. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 813-814].
  3. Cookson, W. “Some Notes on Rock-Drill and Thrones.” The Merrill Studies in The Cantos. Ed. M. Hénault. Columbus, OH: Ch. Merrill Publishing Company, 1971. 106-113. 
  4. Davie, Donald. Ezra Pound. The Poet as Sculptor. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1964. 202-32.
  5. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 232-259].
  6. Kenner, Hugh. “Leucothea's Bikini: Mimetic Homage.” Ezra Pound: Perspectives. Ed. Noel Stock. Chicago: Regnery, 1965. 25-40.
  7. Liebregts, Peter. “Section: Rock Drill: 85-95 de los Cantares.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 291-328.
  8. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing. A Study of  The Cantos. London: Macmillan, 1984. [Section: 182-212].
  9. Read, Forrest. ’76: One World and the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. 347-84.
  10. Sicari, Stephen.  Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 154-61.
  11. Stock, Noel. “Rock-Drill 1955.” Reading the Cantos. A Study of Meaning in Ezra Pound. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966. 91-103.
  12. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 235-253]. 
  13. Ullyot, Jonathan. “How to Read Leucothea.” Ezra Pound and his Classical Sources: The Cantos and the Primal Matter of Troy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2022. 241-274. Chapter extracts.
  14. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound The Tragic Years. 1925-1972. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 294-302.

Cantos in periodicals

The Pisan Cantos

rsz security cages where ezra pound was held pisa italy 1945

Rock Drill: LXXXV-XCV

Thrones XCVI-CIX

A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti


The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2