rsz benedict wong kublai khan



  1. Cha, Dongho. “‘Can’t Move ’em with a Cold Thing like Economics”: On Pound’s Cantos 18 and 19.” Philosophy and Literature 44.2 (October 2020): 486-491. Free online and here.
  2. Hesse, Eva. “Books behind The Cantos. Part One: Canto I-XXX.” Paideuma 1.2 (Winter 1972): 149.
  3. Kimpel, Ben D., and T. C. Duncan Eaves. “The Birth of a Nation: A Note on Pound's Canto XIX.” Philological Quarterly 62, no. 3 (Summer 1983): 417-418.
  4. Marsh, Alec. “Canto 18-19.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2018. 165-86.



  1. “Ezra Pound.” Concise Dictionary of American Literary Biography: The Twenties, 1917‑1929. Gale Research, 1989.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Annotazioni XVIII, XIX.” Ezra Pound XXX Cantos. Parma: Ugo Guanda, 2012. 345-46.
  3. Childs, J. S. Modernist Form. Pound’s Style in the Early Cantos. Susquehanna University Press. 1986. 80-3.
  4. Cookson, William. “XVIII-XIX: Fraud.” A Guide to the Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2001. 30-31.
  5. Davenport, Guy. “Zaharoff”; “The Cold Subject Economics.” In Cities on Hills. A Study of I-XXX of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Epping: Bowker, 1983. 201-204.
  6. Davis, Earle. Vision Fugitive: Ezra Pound and Economics. Lawrence KS.: The UP of Kansas, 1968. 55-9.
  7. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: XVIII [Affari]; XIX [Oggi].” Ezra Pound I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1512-13.
  8. Furia, Philip. Pound’s Cantos Declassified. University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1984. 33-34.
  9. Hofer, Matthew. “Modernist Polemic: Ezra Pound v. ‘the perverters of language,’” Modernism/modernity 9.3 (2002): 463-489.
  10. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Cantos XVIII, XIX.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. Eds. Manfred Pfister and Heinz Ickstadt. Zurich: Arche Literatur Verlag, 2013. 1222-24.
  11. Kibler, Robert E. “The Cantos: A Draft of XXX Cantos” The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. Demetres P. Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT & London: Greenwood Press, 2005): 29.
  12. Makin, Peter. “Canto XIX.” Pound’s Cantos. London: Allen & Unwin, 1985. 164-66.
  13. Marsh, Alec. “Counterfeit Kulchur: Deep Politics, the Great Bass and Secret History in Ezra Pound.” European Journal of English Studies 12.3 (December 2008): 261-276.
  14. Moody, David A. Ezra Pound: Poet. A Portrait of the Man & His Work. Volume II. The Epic Years 1925-1939. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2014. 84.
  15. Nicholls, Peter, Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing; A Study of ‘The Cantos’. London: Macmillan, 1984. 31.
  16. Sicari, Stephen. Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 77-79.
  17. Surette, Leon. “Pound, Douglas and J. M. Keynes.” In A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979. 80-98.
  18. Terrell Carroll F. A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. 75-80.



  1. “Canto XVIII.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 3 February 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  2. “Canto XIX.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 4 February 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  3. Christie’s. [The first page of canto 18 in proofs]. “The Quentin Keynes Collection: POUND, Ezra. A Draft of the Cantos 17 to 27. London: The Curwen Press for John Rodker, 1928.” Auction: London, 7-8 April 2004. Go to site.
  4. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XVIII.” Diamond Point, lift, etched copperplate. Printed on Arches 88 paper. 29 September 2012. Free online.
  5. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XIX.” Diamond Point, lift, etched copperplate. Printed on Arches 88 paper. 30 September 2012. Free online.
  6. Sellar, Gordon. “Blogging Pound’s The Cantos: Cantos XVIII & XIX.” Free online.


Cantos in periodicals

Three Cantos (Ur-Cantos)

lake garda 267823





A Draft of XXX Cantos

A Draft of XVI Cantos


Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti

The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174

Cantos LII - LXXI

confucius adams 2