Article Index








Nicearsz 1441px henry james by sargent 1913 

The massive head, the slow uplift of the hand, gli occhi onesti e tardi, the long sentences piling themselves up in elaborate phrase after phrase, the lightning incision, the pauses, the slightly shaking admonitory gesture with its ‘wu-await a little, wait a little, something will come’; blague and benignity and the weight of so many years’ careful, incessant labour of minute observation always there to enrich the talk. I had heard it but seldom, yet it is all unforgettable. […] No man who has not lived on both sides of the Atlantic can well appraise Henry James; his death marks the end of a period.

Ezra Pound, “Henry James.” Little Review August 1918. LE 295.



CANTO XXVII [cultural mediocrity and abulia in England and France]

CANTO XXXV [conservative mentalities and mindless traditionalism in Vienna]






Paul Cunningham reading canto VII.

Readings in The Cantos of Ezra Pound I. 

Scottish Poetry Library, Edinburgh, February 2017.

Copyright © 1934, 1968 by Ezra Pound. Used by permission of New Directions Publishing Corp.









canto 7 canto 7 tailpiece



Canto VII in A Draft of XVI Cantos. Paris: Three Mountains Press, 1925. Design by Henry Strater.

Title page and tailpiece design.


canto 7 1930

Canto VII in A Draft of XXX Cantos. Paris: Hours Press, 1930. Design by Dorothy Shakespear Pound.
Note: The above images are not to scale. The 1925 edition is a folio, whereas the 1930 one is pocket-size.









According to the Calendar, Pound was still working on Canto VII by 22 November 1919, but had finished it by 2 December, when he received feedback and a question from T.S. Eliot, included below.

Canto VII was first published in The Dial as “The Seventh Canto” in August 1921 and in Poems 1918-1921. New York: Boni & Liveright, 8 December 1921. (P&P IV: 172-175; Gallup 32). Go to the Seventh Canto.



Correspondence by Ezra Pound: (c) Mary de Rachewiltz and the Estate of Omar S. Pound. Reproduced by permission.




Taylor, Richard, ed. “Annals.” Variorum Edition of Three Cantos. A Prototype. Bayreuth: Boomerang, 1991.


Pearlman, Daniel. The Barb of Time. On the Unity of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1969.


Pound, Ezra. The Letters of Ezra Pound 1907-1941. Ed. D.D. Paige. London: Faber, 1951.


Pound, Ezra. Ezra Pound To His Parents: Letters 1895-1929. Eds. Mary de Rachewiltz, A David Moody and Joanna Moody. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2010.


Pound, Ezra. The Selected Letters of Ezra Pound to John Quinn: 1915-1924. Ed. Timothy Materer. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1991.


Pound, Ezra. The Letters of T. S. Eliot. Vol. I: 1898-1922. Ed. Valerie Eliot. London: Faber & Faber, 1988.


Pound, Ezra. Pound, Thayer, Watson, & The Dial. A Story in Letters. Ed. W. Sutton. UP of Florida, 1994.


Pound, Ezra.The Selected Letters of Ezra Pound 1907-1941. Ed. D.D. Paige. New York: New Directions, 1971.



To Homer Pound, 22 November 1919

L/HP 453

Dear Dad


As Liveright never answers a letter. Please phone that I have three new cantos done. THUS there is enough matter for American edition of poems, as follows. 

Homage to Propertius

Langue d’Oc

Moeurs Contemporaines

Cantos IV, V, and VI (possibly VI and VII, by the time matter is settled. Same size vol as English Q.P.A.

Liveright’s agent wrote asking if they could import Q.P.A., you understand that the first three cantos are in Knopf’s Lustra, therefore the English sheets of Q.P.A. can not be sold in America.

Note: Q.P.A. - Quia Pauper Amavi [I was poor when I loved] - volume of poems published by the Egoist Press in 1919.


From T. S. Eliot, 2 December 1919

L/TSE I: 350; A 18


I am absorbing this matter slowly. I regret missing you yesterday. […]


Who is Tyro?


To Homer Pound, 13 December 1919

L/HP 455

Dear Dad,


Have done cantos 5, 6, and 7, each more incomprehensible than the one preceding it; dont know what's to be done about it. Liveright says he is ready to bring out vol. of poems. Shall put Propertius first and follow by ‘Langue d’oc and Cantos IV to VII, book about the same size as Q.P.A.

Note: The volume produced by Liveright is Poems 1918-21 and was published in 1921.



To Scofield Thayer, 24 March, 1920

L/TW 18; BT 301

Queery, would you have printed Fenollosa’s essay on The Chinese Written Character? Do you want serious contributions to thought... or merely second hand jaw? Mr. Quinn implies you want my verse rather than my prose. I [am] send[ing] [sep. cover] four cantos. Canto IV is o.k. by itself, Cantos V. VI. VII shd. appear together as the Lorenzacchio [sic] Medici begins in V. and ends the VII.

I shouldn’t insist on their being printed all together, but it wd. be better. It wd. also affirm my connection with the magazine, as I shd. not print this long poem in any paper which I was not backing. There are not likely to be more than two cantos each year, the rest of my stuff wd. be shorter poems (or prose if wanted).


To Homer Pound, 24 April, 1920

L/HP 463

Dear Dad

Am sending you ‘Mauberley’, my new poems, advance sheets. I dont want you to show it to people YET.

Because 1

I want the Dial to print cantos IV-VII, they probably want something of mine, and wd. certainly prefer short poems to the cantos. Therefore I want them to remain in ingornace [sic] of the fact that there are any short poems, until the cantos have had a full chance.

If they saw the short poems first, they wd. probably want to print them instead of cantos. It wd. get my name into the Magazine, for less money, and in more convenient way. Therefore please lie low about ‘Mauberly’ until you hear from me.


From Scofield Thayer, 30 April 1920

L/TW 26

Dear Pound:


Thank you for the verses. Canto IV is now in the press and will appear in our June issue. Cantos V, VI, and VII we are returning to you.


From Scofield Thayer, 21 May 1920

L/TW 30-31

Dear Pound:


It seems wise that I should speak to you rather frankly of our present difficulties in publishing THE DIAL. Of course it is most important to keep up an appearance of prosperity before the world and therefore what I am about to say is said in all confidence. Although you are in a position to have some conception of conditions over here, I really believe the public’s attitude toward our too harmless journal would astonish you. It certainly has astonished Watson and myself. We are attacked most violently on every occasion, in the press and by mail and in personal conversation, for publishing verse that does not rhyme and pictures that are not lifelike. For some reason that is quite impossible of analysis, to publish a reproduction of a painting by Cezanne is discovered to be an attack, the more terrible because in[sid]ious, upon the very heart of patriotism, Christianity, and morality in general. THE DIAL has been characterized in a letter written by a  gentleman of some position in artistic circles hereabouts as a dastardly attack upon “all that the good and wise of every generation have lived and died for.” You get the authentic note, hey? I myself was recently characterized at a dinner dance as a degenerate. We should never have thought of undertaking this job had we anticipated one-tenth of the difficulties we have encountered. Newsstands even refuse to carry THE DIAL and only day before yesterday the American News Company, after months of deliberation, decided that they could not undertake to circulate our paper. We have, however, gone so far in this matter that we have decided to stick it out at any rate a few months more before throwing up the sponge. Disagreeable as it is to mention this fact in order to give you some idea of what we are up against, I feel it necessary to state that Mr Watson and myself have, since we took over control of the papper the later part of [31] November, expended upon it about sixty thousand dollars. It is going to cost us another forty to finish up the current year. 

You are inducted into all these troubles to explain why three cantos of your very distinguished poem were recently returned to you. We sent them back merely because after infinite hesitations and regrets we decided that we could not accept, conditions being such as they are, so much verse of an unconventional quality. I don’t blame you a bit if you are very put out and even if you are now. I really think, however, that had you been here and a member of the editorial board, you would have been the first to wish to withdraw the manuscript in question, at least for the time being. The hostility to us has however, within the last week become so acute that it has become a question either of excluding all the things about which we care most, or of immediately stopping publication, or of printing anything unconventional–either verse, prose, or pictures–in a department of the magazine devoted entirely to what we shall call “Modern Forms.” This department will occupy the middle of the magazine; in other words, the most dignified position. I hope you will not feel that this is too undignified. It is the last concession we shall make to the public. Now that we have this department we are very sorry indeed that we have returned your three cantos. Will you let us have them back? If so do write and tell me what you think of our arrangement. This department entitled “Modern Forms” will first appear in the July issue, the June issue being already printed. 

What a world!

With many apologies for your country and mine. 


To Scofield Thayer, 7 June 1920, Sirmione

L/TW 36

(yours of May 21st to hand)

Dear Thayer:


I will send you back the cantos [5-7] from Paris, if you think they won’t wreck the paper.


To IWP, 30 Sept 1920

L/HP 472

Dear Mother:


Sent mss. of new vol. poems to Liveright two days ago. Also mss. of Cantos  V-VII to dad.


To John Quinn, 9 October 1920

L/JQ 195-96

C. re Liveright. I have sent the rest of copy for

“Three Portraits”

It contains the Imperium Romanum (Propertius)

The Middle Ages (Provence)

Mauberley (today)

And cantos IV-VII,

It is all I have done since 1916, and my most important book, I at any rate think Canto VII the best thing I have done;

If America won’t have it, then Tant Pisssss as the French say. I have my answer, and it means twenty more years of Europe, perhaps permanent stay here.


At any rate the three portraits, falling into a Trois Contes scheme, plus the Cantos, which come out of the middle of me and are not a mask, are what I have to say, and the first formed book of poem[s] I have made. Lustra being, I admit, simpler and more understandable.



To Homer Pound, 30 July 1921

L/HP 487

Dear Dad:


By the time you get this Cantos shd. have appeared in Dial. (cantos V-VII)



To Felix E. Schelling, 8 July 1922

SL 180, L 247


Perhaps as the poem goes on I shall be able to make various things clearer. Having the crust to attempt a poem in 100 or 120 cantos long after all mankind has been commanded never again to attempt a poem of any length, I have to stagger as I can.

The first 11 cantos are preparation of the palette. I have to get down all the colours or elements I want for the poem. Some perhaps too engmatically and abbreviatedly. I hope, heaven help me, to bring them into some sort of design and architecture later.




漢武帝 Emperor Wu Di











  1. Baumann, Walter. “Canto 7.” Readings in The Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2018. 85-94.

  2. Davis, Kay. “Ring Composition, Subject Rhyme, and Canto VII.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 11.3 (1982): 429-39. Print.

  3. Eaves, Duncan, T. C.  and Ben Kimpel. “Note on ‘e li mestiers ecoutes.’” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 9.2 (Fall 1980): 311-312.

  4. Farley, David. “‘Damn the Partition!’: Ezra Pound and the Passport Nuisance.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 30.3 (Winter 2001): 79-90. Free online
  5. Glenn, E. M. “Addenda: CANTO VII.” The Analyst 8 (June 1955): 10-14.

  6. Hesse, Eva. “Books Behind the Cantos (Part One: Cantos I-XXX).” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 1 (1972): 137-51.

  7. Law, Richard. “The Seventh Canto Initial.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 8 (1979): 411.

  8. McPherson Jr., William G. “Ezra Pound Meets the Reference Librarian.” Oklahoma Librarian 25.2 (April 1975): 13-19. [On “e li mestiers ecoutes” 16].

  9. Mayo, Robert, ed. “Canto VII (Addenda).” The Analyst VI (January 1956): 2-7.

  10. Miyake, Akiko. “The Greek-Egyptian Mysteries in Pound’s ‘the Little Review Calendar’ and in Cantos 1-7.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 7 (1978): 73-111. Print.

  11. Schneideman, Robert. “A Guide to Ezra Pound’s Cantos (VII).” The Analyst IV (June 1954): 1-14.

  12. Sicari, Stephen. “Reading Pound’s Politics: Ulysses as Fascist Hero.” Paideuma 17.2-3 (Fall-Winter 1988): 145-168. Read article.

  13. Wilson, Stephen. “A Tentative Intervention in the Argument ‘Sous les Lauriers.’” Ezra Pound and History. Ed. Marianne Korn. Orono: National Poetry Foundation, 1985. 63-74.



  1. Bacigalupo, Massimo. The Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 18-21.

  2. Childs, John Steven. Modernist Form. Pound’s Style in the Early Cantos. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP, 1986. 83-5, 113-16, 118-20.

  3. Cookson, William. “And the Passion Endures.” A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2001. 18-21. 

  4. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: VII.” Ezra Pound I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1508-09.

  5. Dennis, Helen. A New Approach to the Poetry of Ezra Pound Through the Medieval Provençal Aspect. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Pres, 1996. 187-91.

  6. Ickstadt, Heinz und Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto VII.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. Eds. Manfred Pfister and Heinz Ickstadt. Zurich: Arche Literatur Verlag, 2013. 1203-4.

  7. Longenbach, James. Modernist Poetics of History. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1987. 136-37.

  8. Moody, David A. Ezra Pound: Poet. Volume I: The Young Genius, 1885-1920. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007. 406-407.

  9. Sicari, Stephen. “IV-VII.”  Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY P, 1991. 27-35.

  10. Sieburth, Richard. “Notes: Canto I.” Ezra Pound New Selected Poems and Translations. Ed. Richard Sieburth. New York: New Directions, 2010. 308-9.

  11. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. 30-32; XLibris 2000. 57-61.



  1. “Canto VII.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 21 January 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.

  2. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto VII.” The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Etching series. 16 September 2012. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.

  3. Sellar, Gordon. “Blogging Pound’s The Cantos: Cantos VI and VII.”, 03 April 2012. Free online.


The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174

Cantos LII - LXXI

confucius adams 2