1. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
  3. Stoicheff, Peter. The Hall of Mirrors: “Drafts and Fragments” and the End of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
  4. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005.



  1. Connolly, Cyril. “A Short Commentary” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 44-46.
  2. Cookson, William. “A Few Notes on Drafts & Fragments.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 47-49.
  3. Cox, Kenneth. “New Things Seen.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 38-39.
  4. Kenner, Hugh. “Drafts & Fragments and the Structure of the Cantos.Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 7-18.
  5. MacDiarmid, Hugh. “The Esemplastic Power.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 27-30. 
  6. MacKay, Duncan. "The Cat in the Basket: Ezra Pound's Fragments" [on Drafts and Fragments]. PN Review 45.6 (July/Aug. 2019): 62-63.  First page.
  7. Mather, Jeffrey. “Ethnography and Poetic Method: Southwest China, Joseph Rock, and Ezra Pound’s Drafts & Fragments.” Twentieth-Century Literary Encounters in China: Modernism, Travel, and Form. New York and London: Routledge, 2019. 142-163.
  8. McKee, Francis. “Commentary on the Drafts and Fragments.” Paideuma 15.2-3 (Fall and Winter 1986): 265-277.
  9. Qian, Zhaoming. "The World of the Na-Khi." Make It New 1.2 (September 2014): 33-37. Free online.
  10. Scott, Tom. “Two Plus Two Would equal Four but for the Shadow.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 35-37.
  11. Spann, Marcella. “Beauty in Fragments.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 40-43.
  12. Stoicheff, R. Peter. "The Composition and Publication History of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Twentieth Century 32.1 (Spring 1986): 78-94. Print.
  13. Stoicheff, Peter. "Poems' Poetics or Poet's Death: What Ends The Cantos, Maximus, and Paterson?" Genre XXII (Summer 1989): 175-193. 
  14. Urban, Thomas. “Ezra Pound and Katyn: A Russian Trace in The Cantos.” Literature of the Two Americas 7 (2019): 440-451. Free online.
  15. Whigham, Peter. “Il Suo Paradiso Terrestre.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 31-34.




  1. Alexander, Michael. “Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX-CXVII.” The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 221-25. 
  2. Bush, Ronald. "'Unstill, Ever Turning': The Composition of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Text VII (1994): 397-422. Reprinted and updated in Ezra Pound and Europe. Ed. Richard Taylor. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1993. 223-242; and Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 221-246.
  3. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 867-869.]
  4. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 271-288.]
  5. Gelpi, Albert. A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. [Sections: 244-246; 249-251.]
  6. Kenner, Hugh. 1972. The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1975. [Section: 546-549.]
  7. Liebregts, Peter. “Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX-CXVII.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 372-387.
  8. Marsh, Alec. Ezra Pound. London: Reaktion, 2011. [Section: 215-217.] 
  9. Poupard, Duncan James. “Rescued into Extinction?: The Case of the Naxi Texts in Translation.” Diss. U of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, 2017 [Chapter 3. Going beyond the pictogram: Echoes of the Naxi in Ezra Pound’s Cantos, 96-124]. Free online.
  10. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “P.H. Fang and the Naxi Rites in The Cantos.” Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 196-206. Print.
  11. Qian, Zhaoming. The East - West Exchange and Late Modernism: Williams, Moore, Pound. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press: 2017. 
  12. Read, Forrest. ’76: One World and the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. 413-30.
  13. Sicari, Stephen. Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 202-17.
  14. Stoicheff, Peter. “The Cantos: Drafts and Fragments of Cantos.The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. Demetres Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 48-49.
  15. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 260-67.]
  16. Taylor, Richard Dean. "Towards a Textual Biography of The Cantos." Modernist Writers and the Marketplace. Eds. Ian Willison, Warwick Gould, and Warren Chernaik. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996. 223-57.
  17. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound The Tragic Years. 1925-1972. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 348-57.



  1. Kotin, Joshua. "The Fuck-You Press Cantos: A Census." RealityStudio, 1 September 2018. Free online.


Cantos in periodicals

Thrones XCVI-CIX

Drafts and Fragments

A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti


The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2