Ezra Pound Venice 1963 FB 


I am writing to resist tlie view that Europe and civilisation is going to Hell. If I am being “crucified for an idea”—that is, the coherent idea around which my muddles accumulated — it is probably the idea that European culture ought to survive, that the best qualities of it ought to survive along with whatever other cultures, in whatever universahty. Against the propaganda of terror and the propaganda of luxury, have you a nice simple answer? One has worked on certain materials trying to establish bases and axes of reference.

Ezra Pound. Interview with Donald Hall. Paris Review 28 (June 1962): 48.


Note on colours: green for active links to poem and annotation; orange for inactive link. 






  1. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
  3. Stoicheff, Peter. The Hall of Mirrors: “Drafts and Fragments” and the End of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
  4. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005.



  1. Connolly, Cyril. “A Short Commentary” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 44-46.
  2. Cookson, William. “A Few Notes on Drafts & Fragments.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 47-49.
  3. Cox, Kenneth. “New Things Seen.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 38-39.
  4. Kenner, Hugh. “Drafts & Fragments and the Structure of the Cantos.Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 7-18.
  5. MacDiarmid, Hugh. “The Esemplastic Power.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 27-30. 
  6. MacKay, Duncan. "The Cat in the Basket: Ezra Pound's Fragments" [on Drafts and Fragments]. PN Review 45.6 (July/Aug. 2019): 62-63.  First page.
  7. Mather, Jeffrey. “Ethnography and Poetic Method: Southwest China, Joseph Rock, and Ezra Pound’s Drafts & Fragments.” Twentieth-Century Literary Encounters in China: Modernism, Travel, and Form. New York and London: Routledge, 2019. 142-163.
  8. McKee, Francis. “Commentary on the Drafts and Fragments.” Paideuma 15.2-3 (Fall and Winter 1986): 265-277.
  9. Qian, Zhaoming. "The World of the Na-Khi." Make It New 1.2 (September 2014): 33-37. Free online.
  10. Scott, Tom. “Two Plus Two Would equal Four but for the Shadow.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 35-37.
  11. Spann, Marcella. “Beauty in Fragments.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 40-43.
  12. Stoicheff, R. Peter. "The Composition and Publication History of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Twentieth Century 32.1 (Spring 1986): 78-94. Print.
  13. Stoicheff, Peter. "Poems' Poetics or Poet's Death: What Ends The Cantos, Maximus, and Paterson?" Genre XXII (Summer 1989): 175-193. 
  14. Urban, Thomas. “Ezra Pound and Katyn: A Russian Trace in The Cantos.” Literature of the Two Americas 7 (2019): 440-451. Free online.
  15. Whigham, Peter. “Il Suo Paradiso Terrestre.” Agenda 8.3-4 (1970): 31-34.




  1. Alexander, Michael. “Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX-CXVII.” The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 221-25. 
  2. Bush, Ronald. "'Unstill, Ever Turning': The Composition of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Text VII (1994): 397-422. Reprinted and updated in Ezra Pound and Europe. Ed. Richard Taylor. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1993. 223-242; and Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 221-246.
  3. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 867-869.]
  4. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 271-288.]
  5. Gelpi, Albert. A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. [Sections: 244-246; 249-251.]
  6. Kenner, Hugh. 1972. The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1975. [Section: 546-549.]
  7. Liebregts, Peter. “Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX-CXVII.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 372-387.
  8. Marsh, Alec. Ezra Pound. London: Reaktion, 2011. [Section: 215-217.] 
  9. Poupard, Duncan James. “Rescued into Extinction?: The Case of the Naxi Texts in Translation.” Diss. U of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, 2017 [Chapter 3. Going beyond the pictogram: Echoes of the Naxi in Ezra Pound’s Cantos, 96-124]. Free online.
  10. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “P.H. Fang and the Naxi Rites in The Cantos.” Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 196-206. Print.
  11. Qian, Zhaoming. The East - West Exchange and Late Modernism: Williams, Moore, Pound. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press: 2017. 
  12. Read, Forrest. ’76: One World and the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. 413-30.
  13. Sicari, Stephen. Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 202-17.
  14. Stoicheff, Peter. “The Cantos: Drafts and Fragments of Cantos.The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. Demetres Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 48-49.
  15. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 260-67.]
  16. Taylor, Richard Dean. "Towards a Textual Biography of The Cantos." Modernist Writers and the Marketplace. Eds. Ian Willison, Warwick Gould, and Warren Chernaik. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996. 223-57.
  17. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound The Tragic Years. 1925-1972. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 348-57.



  1. Kotin, Joshua. "The Fuck-You Press Cantos: A Census." RealityStudio, 1 September 2018. Free online.


Cantos in periodicals

Thrones XCVI-CIX

Drafts and Fragments

A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti


The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2