Article Index





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  1. Driscoll, John. The “China Cantos” of Ezra Pound. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wicksell, 1983. 
  2. Fang, Achilles. “Materials for the Study of Pound’s Cantos.” 4 vols. Diss. Harvard U, 1958. Vol I: 81-173.
  3. Holaday, Woon-Ping Chin. Ezra Pound's Use of Moyriac de MaillaHistoire Générale de la Chine: A Source Study of the Chinese History Cantos. Diss. University of Toledo, 1977.  DAI 38: 2789A
  4. Nolde, John J. Blossoms from the East: The China Cantos of Ezra Pound. Orono: National Poetry Foundation, 1983.



  1. Byron, Mark. “Ezra Pound’s Oriental Hinterlands.” Text, Translation, Transnationalism: World Literature in 21st Century Australia. Ed. Peter Morgan. North Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2016, 33-53.

  2. Cantrell, Carol H. and Ward Swinson. “Cantos LII-LXXI: Pound’s Textbook for Princes.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 17.2-3 (1988): 111-44.

  3. Chen, Keng-hsiung, and Yu-lan Huang. “Ezra Pound’s Chinese Cantos: A Dilemma.” Proceedings of 2011 Conference on Language and Literature Education. Ed. Chen Dongrong. Miaoli, Taiwan: Yu Da University, 2011. 83-99.
  4. Farahbakhsh, Alireza. “The Image of Confucius in Ezra Pound’s ‘Chinese Cantos’ (Cantos LII-LXI).”  International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 5.6 (June 2016): 1450-1455. Free online.
  5. Gordon, David. “‘Confucius, Philosophe’: An Introduction to the Chinese Cantos 52-61.” Paideuma 5.3 (1976): 387-403. 
  6. Halperen. Max. “Old Men & New Tools: The Chinese Cantos of Pound.” Trace 52 (Spring. 1964): 1-8.
  7. Li, Qingjun. “Ezra Pound’s Poetic Mirror and the “China Cantos”: The Healing of the West.” Southeast Review of Asian Studies 30 (2008): 61-54. 41-54. Free online here and here.
  8. Nadel, Ira. “Visualizing History: Pound and the Chinese Cantos.” A Poem Containing History. Textual Studies in The Cantos. Ed. Lawrence S. Rainey. Ann Arbor: Michigan UP, 1997. 151-166.
  9. Nagahata, Akitoshi. “Pound’s Representation of the Chinese Frontiers: From the War Zone to the Green World.” The New Ezra Pound Studies. Ed. Mark Byron. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2019. 127-40.
  10. Nolde, John J. “Ezra Pound and Chinese History.” Ezra Pound and History. Ed. Marianne Korn. Orono: National Poetry Foundation, 1985. 99-118. 
  11. Rabaté, Jean Michel. “‘Sounds Pound’: History and Ideology in the China Cantos.” In Myth and Ideology in American Culture. Ed. Liliane Blary. Villeneuve d’Ascq Nord: Presses universitaires Septentrion, 1976. 22-41.
  12. Su, Kent. “The Genealogy of the China Cantos.” Cross-Cultural Ezra Pound. Eds. John Gery, Walter Baumann, and David McKnight. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2021. 91-102.
  13. Sun, Hong. “Pound’s Quest for Confucian Ideals: The Chinese History Cantos.” Ezra Pound and China. Ed. Zhaoming Qian. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 2003.  96-119.
  14. Terrell, Carroll F.  “The Chinese Dynastic Cantos.” Paideuma 5.1 (1976): 95-9.
  15. Wellen, Paul. “Pound and China: Ezra Pound’s Preference for Chinese Philosophy over Western Philosophy, and his misuse of Confucius.” Comparative Civilizations Review 29 (Fall 1993): 91-104. Free online here.



  1. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. 568-572.
  2. Cookson, William. “LIII-LXI Chronicle of Dynasties.” In A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. 1985. London: Anvil, 2001. 74-7.
  3. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Cantos LII-LXXI: LII-LXI.” In: Ezra Pound. I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1539-41.
  4. Davie, Donald. Ezra Pound. The Poet as Sculptor. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1964. 160-61.
  5. Davis, Earle. Vision Fugitive: Ezra Pound and Economics. Lawrence KS.: The UP of Kansas, 1968. 97-101. 
  6. Fang, Achilles. “Materials for the Study of Pound’s Cantos.” 4 vols. Diss., Harvard U, 1958. Vol I: 84-173.
  7. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 154-169.]
  8. Furia, Philip. “Chinese Mirrors.” In Pound’s Cantos Declassified. University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1984. 75-86.
  9. Huang, Guiyou. “Chinese History.” The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. Demetres P. Tryphonopoulos, and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT, and London: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. 57-58.
  10. Kenner, Hugh. “Inventing Confucius.” In The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1975. 445-58.
  11. Liebregts, Peter. Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. [Section: 236-243.]
  12. Makin, Peter. “The China Cantos.” In Pound’s Cantos. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins UP, 1985. 213-22.
  13. Moody, David A. ”Two books for governors: (1) cantos 52-61.” Ezra Pound: Poet. A Portrait of the Man and His Work. II: The Epic Years 1921-1939. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 271-84.
  14. Moody, David A. “The Cantos: Cantos LII-LXI.” The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. D. Tryphonopoulos and S. Adams. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 2005. 37-38.
  15. Nicholls, Peter. “A Metaphysics of the State.” Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. P. Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 149-164.
  16. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing. A Study of  The Cantos. London: Macmillan, 1984. [Section: 112-124.]
  17. Pearlman, Daniel. “The Dynastic Cantos.” In The Barb of Time. On the Unity of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. New York: Oxford UP, 1969. 211-34.
  18. Rabaté, J. M. Language, Sexuality and Ideology in Ezra Pound’s CantosLondon: Macmillan, 1986. [Section: 87-105.]
  19. Read, Forrest. ’76: One World and the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. 248-65.
  20. Selby, Nick. “Chinese Whispers. Historical Exempla in the China Cantos.”Poetics of Loss in The Cantos of Ezra Pound. From Modernism to Fascism. Lewiston: Edwin Meller Press, 2006. 47-102.
  21. Sicari, Stephen. “Chinese History.”  Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 107-113.
  22. Surette, L. “China.” A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. 146-159.
  23. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound The Tragic Years. 1925-1972. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 164-70.


A Draft of XXX Cantos

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Eleven New Cantos

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