xiao xiang met  


  1. Ferrero De Luca, Maria Costanza, ed. Ezra Pound e il Canto dei Sette Laghi. Preface by Massimo Bacigalupo. “Appendice” by Adriano Vantaggi. Reggio Emilia: Diabasis, 2004. 

  2. Yip, Wai-Lim. 龐德與瀟湘八景 [Pangde yu Xiaoxiang ba jing] [Pound and the Eight Views of Xiao Xiang]. 國立臺灣大學出版中心 [National Taiwan UP], 2008.  Bilingual edition.


    I. Pound and the Eight Views of Xiao Xiang

    (1) Pound’s Aesthetic Morphology before Cathay

    (2) Daoist Aesthetics and the Flexibility of Syntax

    (3) The Formation of “Chinese” Syntax in Pound

    (4) “Canto 49”: The Legendary Travel and Change of the Eight Views of Xiao Xiang 

    II. Yunshan Yanshui Paintings and the Travel of Eight Views of Xiao Xiang in Japan

    (1) Su Dongpo (1036-1101 蘇東坡) and Yunshan Yanshui Paintings

    (2) Cultural Memories of Xiao Xiang and Allegorical Uses of Landscape

    (3) Yunshan Yanshui and the Edge-dissolving Great Wu 

    (4) The Meaning of Pound’s “Canto 49” in His Cantos



  1. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “La scrittura dei Cantos.” Lingua e letteratura VIII.16 (spring 1991): 56-77. Free online.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Pound Studies in Italy.” Paideuma 22. 1-2 (Spring & Fall 1993): 11-34.
  3. Bell, Ian F. A. “Ezra Pound and the Materiality of the Fourth Dimension.” Science in Modern Poetry: New Directions. Ed. John Holmes. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2012. 130-48. 
  4. Byron, Mark. “Chinese Poetical Histories in Ezra Pound and Gary Snyder.” Critical Quarterly 61.1 (April 2019): 99-114. 
  5. Byron, Mark. “Ezra Pound’s ‘Seven Lakes’ Canto: Poetry and Painting, From East to West.” The Rikkyo Review: Arts & Letters 73 (2013): 121-142. Free online here.
  6. Byron, Mark. “In a Station of the Cantos: Ezra Pound’s ‘Seven Lakes’ Canto and the Shō-Shō Hakkei Tekagami.” Literature & Aesthetics 22.2 (2012): 138-152. Print. Free online here and here.
  7. Fang, Achilles. “Fenollosa and Pound.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 20.1/2 (June 1957): 213-238.
  8. Gordon, David. “LXIX’s [i.e., Canto XLIX's] ‘Kei … Kai’ and Fang’s P.S.” Paideuma 18.1-2 (Spring-Fall 1989): 203-204.
  9. Houwen, Andrew. “‘A Treasure Like Nothing We Have in the Occident’. Ezra Pound and Japanese Literature.” The New Ezra Pound Studies. Ed. Mark Byron. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2019. 147-8.
  10. Jiang, Hongxin, “Ezra Pound’s ‘The Seven Lakes Canto’ and Song Di’s Paintings of the Xiaoxiang Scenery,” in Foreign Literature Review 3 (2006): 31-37. 
  11. 蒋洪新 [Jiang Hongxin], 庞德的《七湖诗章》与潇湘八景 [Pound's "Seven Lakes Poems" and the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang]. 外国文学评论 [Foreign Literature Review] 3 (2006): 31-37. Free online.
  12. Jiang Hongxin. “Painting and Poetry: Ezra Pound’s ‘Seven Lakes Canto’ and Eight Views of Xiao Xiang.” Revista Brasileira de Literatura Comparada 22.41 (set. /dez. 2020): 84-94. Free online and here and here and here.
  13. Kearns, George. Pound. The Cantos. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1989. 42.
  14. Kenner, Hugh. “More on the Seven Lakes Canto.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 2.1 (1973): 43-6. 
  15. Kodama, Sanehide. “The Eight Scenes of Sho-Sho.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 6.2 (1977): 131-45.
  16. 児玉実英 [Sanehide Kodama], アメリカ文学における日本との接点: エズラ [Japanese Culture in American Literature: The Case of Ezra Pound’s Cantos]. 同志社アメリカ研究 [Doshisha American Studies] (同志社大学アメリカ研究所 [Center for American Studies, Doshisha University]) 12 (25 Mar. 1976) 51-64. Free online and here.
  17. Palandri, Angela J. “The ‘Seven Lakes Canto’ Revisited.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 3.1 (1974): 51-4. Print. 
  18. Qian, Zhaoming, “A ‘Special and Local’ Expert behind Ezra Pound’s Canto 49,” in Foreign Literature Review 1 (2017): 91-102.
  19. Qian, Zhaoming. “An Afterword Concerning Pound’s 1935 Revisit to the Fenollosa Papers for an Edition of ‘Mori’s Lectures’ on the History of Chinese Poetry.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 31.1-3 (2002): 307-9.
  20. Qian, Zhaoming. “Painting into Poetry: Pound’s Seven Lakes Canto.” Ezra Pound and China. Ed. Zhaoming Qian. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 2003. 72-95. 
  21. Qian, Zhaoming. “Pound and Chinese Art in the ‘British Museum Era’.” Ezra Pound and Poetic Influence. Ed. Helen Dennis. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 2000. 100-112.
  22. Qian, Zhaoming. “Pound’s China. Teaching ‘A River Merchant’s Wife: A Letter’ and Canto 49.” In Approaches to Teaching Pound’s Poetry and Prose. Eds. Demetres Tryphonopoulos and Ira B. Nadel. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2021. 133-44.
  23. Qian, Zhaoming and Ou Rong. “Seven Lakes Canto: The Cooperation Wonder of Ezra Pound and Zeng Baosun.” Comparative Literature in China, no. 1, 2012, pp. 90-101.
  24. Qian, Zhaoming. “Why is Canto 49 called the ‘Seven Lakes Canto’?” Paideuma: Modern and Contemporary Poetry and Poetics 43 (2016): 191-198. Free online
  25. Qian, Zhaoming. “Canto 49.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Vol.2. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2022. 45-54.
  26. Ricciardi, Caterina. “Pound traduce Pound: frammenti del Canto XLIX in versione toscana.” Letterature d’America I. 2 (1980): 67-106.
  27. Su, Kent. “Landscapes and Taoism in Ezra Pound’s Cantos.” Neohelicon, 6 January 2021. Free online and here.
  28. Taylor, Richard Dean. “Canto XLIX, Futurism, and the Fourth Dimension.” Neohelicon, XX.1 (1993): [333] - 352. 337-356. 
  29. Tryphonopoulos, Demetres P. “‘The Fourth; the Dimension of Stillness’: P. D. Ouspensky and Fourth Dimensionalism in Canto 49.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 19.3 (1990): 117-22. 
  30. Twitchell-Waas, Jeffrey. “Ezra Pound and Chinese Poetry.” The New Ezra Pound Studies. Ed. Mark Byron. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2019. 160.
  31. Zheng, Jianqing. “An Approach to Lines 2-6 of Ezra Pound’s Canto 49.” ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews 14 (2001): 35-6. 35-36. First page.
  32. Zheng, Jianqing. “An Approach to Lines 7-14 of Ezra Pound’s Canto 49.” Notes on Contemporary Literature 35.1 (2005): 6-8. Print.
  33. Zheng, Jianqing. “Ezra Pound’s Employment of Chinese Images.” Paideuma: Studies in American and British Modernist Poetry 33.1 (2004): 119-25. 



  1. Arrowsmith, Richard Rupert. “‘Kuanon of all Delights’ Seven Lakes, Eight Views, and the Korean Goddess of The Cantos.” In Modernism and the Museum: Asian, African, and Pacific Art and the London Avant-Garde.Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011. 200-215. Abstract
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “America vs Italy in the Posthumous Cantos.” In Massimo Bacigalupo. Ezra Pound, Italy and The Cantos. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2020. 269-81. [272-5]
  3. Bacigalupo, Massimo. The Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 74-79.
  4. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Prefazione.” In: Maria Costanza Ferrero De Luca, ed. Ezra Pound e il Canto dei Sette Laghi. Reggio Emilia: Diabasis, 2004. vii-xi.
  5. Baker, Jack. “The Impersonal Modes of Ezra Pound and Wallace Stevens.” Diss. Durham U., 2014. 30-2. Free online.
  6. Cookson, William. “‘By no man these verses.” A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2009. 69-70. 
  7. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: XLIX.” Ezra Pound. I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1536-7. 
  8. Dekker, George. Sailing after Knowledge: the Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Routledge, 1963. 179-81.
  9. Fang, Achilles [Zh. 方志浵 Fang Zhitong]. “Materials for the Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos.” Diss., Harvard U, 1958. 4 vols. I: 77-9. 
  10. Froula, Christine. “Canto XLVII.” A Guide to Ezra Pound’s Selected Poems. New York: New Directions, 1983. 182-5.
  11. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto XLIX.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. 1265.
  12. Gelpi, A.  A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. 219-221.
  13. Kern, Robert. “Modernizing Orientalism/Orientalizing Modernism: Ezra Pound, Chinese Translation, and English-as-Chinese.” Orientalism, Modernism, and the American Poem. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. 155-220. [206-11]
  14. Makin, Peter. “Canto XLIX.” Pound’s Cantos. London: Allen & Unwin, 1985. 206-11.
  15. Malm, Mike W. “China.” In Editing Economic History. Ezra Pound’s The Fifth Decad of Cantos. New York: Peter Lang, 2005. 61-7; 217-8.
  16. Pearlman, Daniel. “The Dimension of Stillness.” In The Barb of Time. On the Unity of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. New York: Oxford UP, 1969. 193-210.
  17. Pound, Ezra. Ezra Pound to His Parents: Letters 1895-1929. Eds. Mary de Rachewiltz, A David Moody and Joanna Moody. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2010. 662-4.
  18. Pound, Ezra. Posthumous Cantos. Ed. Massimo Bacigalupo. Manchester: Carcanet, 2015. 42-5.
  19. Pryor, Sean. W. B. Yeats, Ezra Pound and the Poetry of Paradise. London: Routledge, 2011. 130-4.
  20. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “Miss Tseng and the Seven Lakes Canto.” In Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 9-17.
  21. Qian, Zhaoming. “Pound’s Seven Lakes Canto.” The Modernist Response to Chinese Art. Pound, Moore, Stevens. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2003. 123-140.
  22. Sicari, Stephen. “The Cantos. The Fifth Decad of Cantos XLII-LI.” The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. D. Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 36.
  23. Sicari, Stephen. “Reading Pound’s Politics: Ulysses As Fascist Hero.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 17.2/3 (Fall & Winter 1988): 145-168. 163-4.
  24. Sieburth, Richard. “Notes: Canto XLIX.” Ezra Pound New Selected Poems and Translations. Ed. Richard Sieburth. New York: New Directions, 2010. 323-4.
  25. Stanford, D. Revolution and Convention in Modern Poetry. Newark: U. of Delaware Press, 1983. Print. (XLIX 35-37)
  26. Su, Kent (Yi-Kuan).  “Chinese landscapes in Ezra Pound’s Cantos.”  Diss. University College London, 2019. Abstract
  27. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto XLIX.” In Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Berkeley: U of California P., 1980. I: 190-2.
  28. Vantaggi, Adriano. “Appendice. Le nuvole e il sole. Gli ultimi versi del Canto XLIX.” In Ferrero De Luca, Maria Costanza, ed. Ezra Pound e il Canto dei Sette Laghi. Reggio Emilia: Diabasis, 2004. 71-82.
  29. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound: The Tragic Years, 1925-1972. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994. 120-21.



  1. Dew, Bernard, dir. Canto 49: The Seven Lakes Canto A Poem by Ezra Pound. [A Venetian tale containing all known drafts, letter and journal fragments of the title poem.]. Off Call Productions, 2008. DVD. 
  2. Ewick, David. “‘Canto XLIX’. In The Fifth Decad of Cantos. London: Faber & Faber, 1937.” Japonisme, Orientalism, Modernism: A Bibliography of Japan in English Language Verse of the Early 20th century. themargins.net.
  3. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XLIX.” Diamond Point, selective hard ground, lift, etch, aquatint, copperplate. The Cantos of Ezra Pound, 7 February 2014.  paulusvidius.tumblr.com.
  4. Hegaard, Lars. “The Dimension of Stillness.” Musical score for soprano and 8 instruments, 21pp. 1991. Edition S.  
  5. Keyton, Jennifer. “The Development of Stillness in Ezra Pound’s Cantos.” This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Special Ezra Pound issue. 4.1 (spring 2008). writing.colostate.edu.
  6. Novellini, Donato. “Artefatti. Specchiarsi nelle acque cristalline (eppure oscure) dei Sette Laghi di Ezra Pound.” Barbadillo, 26 Settembre 2018. barbadillo.it. [Italian review of Ferrero de Luca’s book, Ezra Pound e il Cantos dei Sette Laghi.]
  7. Pound, Ezra. “Canto 49.” Text and audio recording, BBC 1958. poetryarchive.org.
  8. Pound, Ezra. Canto XLIX. Bilingual text, English and Hungarian. babelmatrix.com.
  9. Rivas, Robert. “El bello canto 49 de Ezra Pound.” [Spanish translation and annotation. of canto 49]. Idiomas olvidados. Blogpost, 10 June 2016. inutilesmisterios.blogspot.com
  10. Sellar, Gordon. “Canto XLIX.” Part 36 of 55 in the series Blogging Ezra Pound’s The Cantos.  gordsellar.com, May 12, 2013.  Free online.
  11. Taylor, Richard Dean. “Canto XLIX and the Fourth Dimension.” [including Appendix with crib and images.] richard-dean-taylor.de.  


A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1