monticello library canto 41



  1. Baumann, Walter. The German-Speaking World in “The Cantos.” Paideuma 21.3 (Winter 1992): 41-61. Republished in Roses from the Steel Dust Orono: The National Poetry Foundation, 2000. 135-54. Go to article.
  2. Conover, Anne. Olga Rudge and Ezra Pound. What Thou Lovest Well… New Haven: Yale UP, 2001.
  3. Douglas, Clifford Hugh. Economic Democracy. 1920. Fifth authorized edition. Epsom: Bloomfield Publishers, 1974. 
  4. Ebner, Michael R. Ordinary Violence in Mussolini’s Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.
  5. Gallup, Donald. Ezra Pound. A Bibliography. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the U of Virginia, 1983.
  6. Kimpel, Bernard D. and Duncan T. C. Eaves. “Messire Uzzano in 1442.” Paideuma 11.3 (Winter 1982): 449-50. Go to article.
  7. Mussolini, Benito. Il mio Diario di Guerra (1915-1917). Milano: Imperia Casa editrice del partito nazionale fascista, 1923. 217-20. Wikisource.
  8. Pound, Ezra. “René Crevel.” Criterion, XVIII.71 (January 1939): 225-35. P&P VII: 407-15.
  9. Rainey, Lawrence S. “‘All I Want You to Do Is to Follow the Orders’: History, Faith, and Fascism in the Early Cantos.” A Poem Containing History: Textual Studies in The Cantos. Ed. Lawrence S. Rainey. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1997. 63-114.
  10. Redman, Tim. Ezra Pound and Italian Fascism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. 
  11. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto XLI.” A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: California UP, 1993. 166-9. 
  12. Wilhelm, J.J. Ezra Pound: The Tragic Years 1925-1972. University Park, PA, The Pennsylvania State UP, 1994.
  13. Zanotti, Serenella. “Pound and the Mussolini Myth. An Unexplored Source for Canto 41.” ROMA/AMOR: Pound, Love and Rome. Eds. William Pratt and Caterina Ricciardi. AMS Press: New York, 2013. 65-80. Free online.



  1. “German Ultimatum to Belgium.” English translation at Nationalarchives.gov.uk.
  2. “Italy in WWI.” History.co.uk.
  3. “piazza[forte].” Italian dictionary of the Corriere della SeraCorriere.it.
  4. “Unruh Fritz Wilhelm Ernst von.” Hessian Biography.
  5. “Robert Hadfield. ” Wikipedia
  6. “Siena: The Most Ancient Bank in the World.” walksinsideflorence.it.
  7. Beaupré, Nicolas. “Unruh, Fritz von.” 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, eds. Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson. Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin: 7 July 2017. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.11121.
  8. Khan, Sal. “Italian front in World War I.” Khan Academy. Khanacademy.org.
  9. Magrini, Graziano. “Reclamation in Tuscany.” Engl. tr. By Victor Beard. Brunelleschi.imss.fi.it
  10. Magrini, Graziano. “Reclamation of Vada.” Engl. tr. By Victor Beard. Brunelleschi.imss.fi.it
  11. Mclaughlin, Stephen. “Churchill’s Grand Strategy.” Finest Hour 177, Summer 2017. Winstonchurchill.org.
  12. Neidell, Indiana. “Despair and Mutiny on the Italian Front.” The Great War Week by Week 100 Years Later. S2 E51. YouTube, 2015
  13. Neidell, Indiana. “The Edge of the Abyss: Mountain Warfare on the Italian Front.” Great war Special. The Great War Week by Week 100 Years LaterYouTube, 2015.
  14. Neidell, Indiana. “The Hero of Tannenberg. Paul von Hindenburg.” Who Did What In WWI. YouTube, 20 May 2017. YouTube.
  15. Neidell, Indiana. “The New Alpine Front. Italy Joins the War.” The Great War Week by Week 100 Years Later. S2E22. YouTube, 2015.



  1. “Auguste Victoria, Empress of Germany.” Photo portrait, ca. 1911. Wikimedia Commons
  2. “Avviso.” [Poster of the security measures of the commandante della piazza] Brescia, 22 August 1848. Brescialeonessa.it
  3. “Benito Mussolini.” Photo portrait, 1913. In Margherita Sarfatti. Dux. Vita di Mussolini. Milano: Mondadori, 1926. n.p.
  4. “Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.” Oil on canvas, ca 1784-7. Paris: Palais de Versailles. Wikimedia Commons
  5. “Fritz von Unruh.” Photo, ca 1914. Le Chemin de sacrifice. Mission centennaire, 2014. Centenaire.org
  6. “Paul von Hindenburg” Photo from the Bundesarchiv [“German Federal Archive”], ca 1919-1928. Wikimedia commons.
  7. “Sir Robert Hadfield.” Photo portrait n.d. Britannica Online.
  8. Bronzino, Agnolo. “Cosimo I de Medici in armour.” Oil on canvas, ca 11545. Australia: Art Gallery of New South Wales. Wikimedia Commons
  9. Brown, Mather. “Thomas Jefferson.” Oil on canvas, 1786. The White House Historical Association
  10. Frank, Herbert. “Monte dei Paschi,” Piazza Salinbeni, Siena, 3 October 2017. Wikimedia Commons
  11. Preda, Roxana. “From Vada to Circeo.” Map. The Cantos Project.
  12. Ray, Man. “René Crevel.” Photo portrait, ca. 1925. In “Spotlight on René Crevel,” 28 November 2016. denniscooperblog.com.
  13. Semé, Louis. “James Monroe.” Miniature portrait, 1794. Wikimedia Commons
  14. Stuart, Gilbert. “Albert Gallatin.” Oil on canvas, 1803. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.


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