Article Index





Declaration of Independence 1819 by John Trumbull

“Ironically, Pound’s very distance from the United States allowed him to shift his attention from the accidental to the essential. In the Adams cantos, the material Pound selects focuses the reader’s attention on Adams’ keeping the newly formed United States out of European wars, in particular, out of a war Hamilton tried to foment with France. […]

for my part thought that Americans
Had been embroiled in European wars long enough
                                                                        easy to see that
France and England wd/ try to embroil us OBvious
that all powers of Europe will be continually at manoeuvre
to work us into their real or imaginary balances”
                        of power    (LXV /377)

Carol H. Cantrell and Ward Swinson “Cantos LII–LXXI” Paideuma 18.1-2 (1989): 71.



CANTO XXXI – [Adams and Jefferson in Paris]

CANTO XXXII – [the revolution was in the minds of the people]

CANTO XXXIII – Adams’s political principles








Derdeyn, LeeAnn. “Cantos 64-66.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Vol.2. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2022. 129-150.



  1. Cookson, William. “Continental Congress – Washington Appointed Commander-in-chief – Voyage to France – Struggle for Fisheries.” A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2009. 102-3.
  2. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: LXV.” Ezra Pound. I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1557-8.
  3. Fang, Achilles. “Materials for the Study of Pound’s Cantos.” 4 vols. Diss. Harvard U, 1958. Vol I: 179-82.
  4. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto LXV.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. 1296-9.
  5. Sanders, Frederick. John Adams Speaking. Orono: National Poetry Foundation, 1975. 174-264.
  6. Ten Eyck, David. Ezra Pound’s Adams Cantos. London: Bloomsbury, 2012. 93-4.
  7. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto LXV.” In Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Berkeley: U of California P., 1980. I: 287-303.



  1. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto LXV.” Diamond Point intaglio, selective hard ground, lift, etch, aquatint, copperplate. Printed on Arches 88 paper., 26 July 2014. Free online.
  2. Sellar, Gordon. “Canto LXV.” Part 50 of 56 in the series Blogging Ezra Pound’s The Cantos., 11 July 2018. Free online.


A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti