adams coat of arms



  1. Ten Eyck, David. Ezra Pound’s Adams Cantos. London: Bloomsbury, 2012. 87-89.



  1. Adams, John. The Works of John Adams. Ed. Charles Francis Adams. Vol I: Charles Francis Adams. The Life of John Adams. Boston: Little Brown and Co. 1856.
  2. Sanders, Frederick. John Adams Speaking. Orono: National Poetry Foundation, 1975. 50-107.
  3. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto LXII.” In Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Berkeley: U of California P., 1980. I: 259-73.



  1. “Abigail Adams.” Wikipedia.
  2. “Adams Talleyrand Letter.” [XYZ Affair]. John Adams. HBO Series, 2008. Youtube.
  3. “Alexander Hamilton.” Wikipedia.
  4. “American revolutionary War.” Wikipedia.
  5. “Amphion and Zethus.” Wikipedia.
  6. “Battles of Lexington and Concord.” Wikipedia
  7. “Boston Massacre.” Wikipedia
  8. “Braintree, Massachusetts.” Wikipedia.
  9. “Cadmus.” Wikipedia.
  10. “Captain Preston.” In John Adams. HBO Series, 2008. Youtube, 26 March 2009. Youtube.
  11. “Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis.” Wikipedia.
  12. “Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.” Wikipedia.
  13. “Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord.” Wikipedia.
  14. “Continental Congress.” Wikipedia
  15. “Edmund Burke.” Wikipedia.
  16. “Edward Coke.” Wikipedia.
  17. “Edward Gibbon.” Wikipedia
  18. “Francisco de Miranda. “ Wikipedia.
  19. “Frederick North, Lord North.” Wikipedia
  20. “French Directory.” Wikipedia.
  21. “Henry Adams (farmer).” Wikipedia.
  22. “Hugh Despenser the Elder.” Wikipedia.
  23. “Hugh Despenser the Younger.” Wikipedia.
  24. “Joan Derk van der Capellen tot den Pol.” Wikipedia
  25. “John Adams, Boston Massacre.” In: John Adams. HBO Series, 2008. YouTube, 27 October 2013. Youtube.
  26. “John Calvin: Theology.” Wikipedia.
  27. “Oliver Ellsworth.” Wikipedia.
  28. “Patrick Henry.” Wikipedia.
  29. “Peter Oliver (loyalist).” Wikipedia.
  30. “Richard Wollaston.” Wikipedia
  31. “Rufus King.” Wikipedia.
  32. “The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War with France, 1798–1800.” Office of the Historian. history.state.gov.
  33. “Thomas Hutchinson (governor).” Wikipedia.
  34. “Thomas Weston (merchant adventurer).” Wikipedia.
  35. “Townshend Acts.” Wikipedia
  36. “XYZ Affair.” Wikipedia.
  37. “William Branch Giles.” Wikipedia
  38. “Wollaston (Quincy, Massachusetts).” Wikipedia.
  39. Adams, John. The Papers of John Adams. Digital Edition. Massachusetts Historical Society. masshist.org.
  40. Adams, John Quincy. John Quincy Adams Digital Diary. Massachusetts Historical Society. Massshist.org.
  41. Euclid. ElementsWikipedia.
  42. Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Wikipedia
  43. McMillan, Joseph. “John Adams and John Quincy Adams, 2nd and 6th presidents of the United States.” The American Herald 2 (2007). American Heraldry Society. americanheraldry.org.
  44. Preda, Roxana. Canto XXXIV. The Cantos Project.
  45. Preda, Roxana. Online Companion to Canto X. The Cantos Project.



  1. Anon. John Adams’s coat of arms as bookplate. americanheraldry.org.
  2. Anon. John Adams’s coat of arms. americanheraldry.org.
  3. Anon. Sir Edward Coke. Oil on canvas, 1593. London: Parliamentary Art Collection.
  4. Blyth Benjamin. Portrait of Abigail Adams. Pastel on paper, ca. 1766. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. masshist.orgWikimedia Commons.
  5. Blyth, Benjamin. Portrait of John Adams. Pastel on paper, ca. 1766. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. masshist.orgWikimedia Commons.
  6. Chappel, Alonzo. The Boston Massacre. Engraving, 1868. History Matters.
  7. Copley, John Singleton. Portrait of John Quincy Adams. Oil on canvas, 1796. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts. Wikimedia Commons.
  8. Holland, Nathaniel Dance. Portrait of Frederick North. Oil on canvas, 1773-4. London: National Gallery. Wikimedia Commons.
  9. Reynolds, Joshua. Portrait of Edward Gibbon. Oil on canvas, 1779. Private Collection. Wikimedia Commons.
  10. Stuart, Gilbert. Portrait of John Jay. Oil on canvas, 1794. Washington: National Gallery of Art. Wikimedia Commons.
  11. Studio of Joshua Reynolds. Portrait of Edmund Burke. Oil on canvas, ca. 1769. London: National Portrait Gallery. Wikimedia Commons.
  12. Trumbull, John. Portrait of Alexander Hamilton. Oil on canvas, ca. 1805. Washington: White House. Wikimedia Commons.
  13. Warren, G. K. “Charles Francis Adams.” Photo portrait, 1861. Washington D.C.: Library of Congress. Wikimedia Commons.
  14. West, Benjamin. American Commissioners of the Preliminary Peace Agreement with Great Britain, 1783-1784, London, England. Oil on canvas, unfinished sketch, 1783-4. From left to right: John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. [The British commissioners refused to pose, and the picture was never finished.] Winterthur, Delaware: Winterthur Museum. Wikimedia. Commons.


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