Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor in Court Dress

LX.  Jesuits.

Ezra Pound The Cantos New York: New Directions, 1998. 256


Kang Hsi who reigned from 1662 to 1723 had the Jesuits at his court, de Mailla among them, busy translating and exchanging the science and technology and the intelligence that each had to offer the other. The Jesuits’ astronomy was welcomed – ‘(Galileo’s, an heretic’s)’ – and their founding of cannon, ‘which have served us in civil wars’, and their mathematics and science; as missionaries, however, they were not to build churches nor to convert any Chinese. The emperor was all for the advancement of learning, but was careful at the same time to safeguard China’s own traditions and culture.

David Moody, Ezra Pound: Poet II: 282.


CANTO LVIII [Jesuits in  Chinese-European relations during the Ming dynasty: Matteo Ricci]

CANTO LIX [Jesuits in Chinese-European relations during the Qing dynasty: Alexandre de Lacharme, Johann Adam Schall, Tomás Pereira, and François Gerbillon]





 Kangxi Emperors Southern Tour detail


  1. Driscoll, John. “Canto LX and Ezra Pound’s use of Histoire Generale De La Chine.” Studia Neophilologica: A Journal of Germanic and Romance Languages and Literature 50 (1978): 215-32.
  2. Nagahata, Akitoshi. “Pound’s Representation of the Chinese Frontiers From the War Zone to the Green World.” The New Ezra Pound Studies. Ed. Mark Byron. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2020. 127-140. 
  3. Nagahata, Akitoshi. “Canto 60.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Vol.2. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2022. 111-8.



  1. Cookson, William. “Jesuits – Kang Hi.” A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2009. 91.
  2. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: LX.” Ezra Pound. I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1548-9.
  3. Fang, Achilles. “Materials for the Study of Pound’s Cantos.” 4 vols. Diss. Harvard U, 1958. Vol I: 160-4.
  4. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto LX.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. 1287-9. 
  5. Moody, David A. Ezra Pound: Poet. A Portrait of the Man and His Work. II: The Epic Years 1921-1939. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 282.
  6. Nolde, John. Blossoms from the East. The China Cantos of Ezra Pound. Orono: National Poetry Foundation 1983. 373-96.
  7. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto LX.” In Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Berkeley: U of California P., 1980. I: 253-6.



  1. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto LX.” Diamond Point intaglio, selective hard ground, lift, etch, aquatint, copperplate. Printed on Arches 88 paper., 13 May 2014. Free online
  2. Sellar, Gordon. “Canto LX.” Part 45 of 56 in the series Blogging Ezra Pound’s The Cantos., 12 February 2017. Free online.
  3. Underwood, Reed. “Bonzes and Taozers: Pound’s Apprehension of Buddhism and Taoism.” Colorado State University, 2005. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1

Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti