800px Gansu Museum 2007 257



  1. Cook, Harold J. “Testing the effects of Jesuit’s bark in the Chinese Emperor’s court.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine vol. 107, 8 (2014): 326-327.
  2. Gordon, David. “‘Confucius, Philosophe’: An Introduction to the Chinese Cantos 52-61.” Paideuma 5.3 (1976): 387-403.
  3. Treutlein, Theodore E. “Jesuit Missions in China during the Last Years of K’ang Hsi.” Pacific Historical Review, vol. 10, no. 4, 1941, pp. 435–446.



  1. Fang, Achilles. “Materials for the Study of Pound’s Cantos.” 4 vols. Diss. Harvard U, 1958. Vol I: 160-4.
  2. Moody, David A. Ezra Pound: Poet. A Portrait of the Man and His Work. II: The Epic Years 1921-1939. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 282.
  3. Nolde, John. “Canto LX.” In Blossoms from the East. The China Cantos of Ezra Pound. Orono: National Poetry Foundation 1983. 373-96.
  4. Terrell, Carroll F. “Canto LX.” In Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Berkeley: U of California P., 1980. I: 253-6.



  1. “Map of the Qing Empire.” 28 November 2019. Wikimedia Commons.
  2. “Tianma.” Bronze sculpture, Han Dynasty. Photo, 2007. Gansu Art Museum. Wikimedia Commons.
  3. Anon. “Ferdinand Verbiest.” Portrait, ca. 1766. Wikimedia Commons.
  4. Anon. “Kanxi Emperor in court dress.” Hanging scroll, colour on silk, n.d. Beijing: National Palace Museum. Wikimedia Commons
  5. Pizzulo, Luigi. “Prospero Intorcetta.” Oil on canvas, 1671. Palermo: Biblioteca comunale. Wikimedia Commons.
  6. Shannon1. “Map of the Ordos Plateau,” 1 March 2010. Wikimedia Commons.
  7. Zhengzhou. “The Church of the Saviour, Beijing.” Photo, 17 August 2019. Wikimedia Commons.