1. And thou shalt not, Firenze 1766, and thou shalt not 

          2. sequestrate for debt any farm implement 

          3. nor any yoke ox nor 
          4. any peasant while he works with the same. 
          5. Pietro Leopoldo

          6. Heavy grain crop unsold 
          7. never had the Mount lacked for specie, cut rate to four and 1/3rd 

          8. creditors had always been paid, 
          9. that trade inside the Grand Duchy be free of impediments 
          10. shut down on grain imports 
          11. ’83, four percent legal maximum interest 
          12. ’85, three on church investments, motu proprio
          13. Pietro Leopoldo 
          14. Ferdinando EVVIVA!! 

          15. declared against exportation 
          16. thought grain was to eat 

          17. Flags trumpets horns drums 
          18. and a placard
          19. VIVA FERDINANDO 
          20. and were sounded all carillons
          21. with bombs and with bonfires and was sung TE DEUM 
          22. in thanks to the Highest for this so 
          23. provident law 
          24. and were lights lit in the chapel of Alexander
          25. and the image of the Madonna unveiled 
          26. and sung litanies and then went to St Catherine’s chapel 
          27. in S. Domenico and by the reliquary 
          28. of the Saint’s head sang prayers and 
          29. went to the Company Fonte Giusta
          30. also singing the litanies 
          31. and when was this thanksgiving ended the cortege 
          32. and the contrade with horns drums 
          33. trumpets and banners went to the 
          34. houses of the various ambulant vendors, then were the sticks of the 
          35. flags set in the stanchions on the Palace of the Seignors
          36. and the gilded placard between them 
          37. (thus ended the morning) 
          38. meaning to start in the afternoon 
          39. and the big bell and all bells of the tower in the piazza 
          40. sounded from 8 a.m. until seven o’clock in the evening
          41. without intermission and next day was procession 
          42. coaches and masks in great number 
          43. and of every description e di tutte le qualità
          44. to the sound always of drums and trumpets 
          45. crying VIVA FERDINANDO and in all parts of the piazza 
          46. were flames in great number and grenades burning 
          47. to sound of bombs and of mortaretti and the shooting of 
          48. guns and of pistols and in chapel of the Piazza 
          49. a great number of candles for the publication of this so 
          50. provident law and at sundown were dances 
          51. and the masks went into their houses 
          52. and the captains of the ward companies, 
          53. the contrade, took their banners to the Piazza Chapel 
          54. where once more they sang litanies 
          55. and cried again Ferdinando EVVIVA 
          56. Evviva Ferdinado il Terzo
          57. and from the contrade continued the drumming 
          58. and blowing of trumpets and hunting horns, 
          59. torch flares, grenades and they went to the Piazza del Duomo 
          60. with a new hullabaloo gun shots mortaretti and pistols
          61. there were no streets not ablaze with the torches 
          62. or with wood fires and straw flares 
          63. and the vendors had been warned not to show goods for 
          64. fear of disorder and stayed all that day within doors 
          65. or else outside Siena. This was a law called 
          66. Dovizia annonaria
          67. to be freed from the Yoke of Licence 
          68. From October 9th until the 3rd of November 
          69. was unforeseen jubilation, four lines of tablet in marble: 
          70. Frumentorum licentia 

          71. coercita de annonaria laxata Pauperum aeque 
          72. divitium bono conservit 
          73. FERDINANDI 1792 
          74. refused to take with him objects of small bulk which he 
          75. held to be the property of the nation. Ferd III. 1796 
          76. that the sovereign be il più galantuomo del paese
          77. the citizen priest Fr Lenzini mounted the tribune 
          78. to join the citizen Abrâm 
          79. and in admiring calm sat there with them the citizen 
          80. the Archbishop 
          81. from 7,50 a bushel to 12 
          82. by the 26th April 
          83. and on June 28th came men of Arezzo 
          84. past the Porta Romana and went into the ghetto 
          85. there to sack and burn hebrews 
          86. part were burned with the liberty tree in the piazza 
          87. and for the rest of that day and night 
          88. 1799 anno domini 
          89. Pillage stopped by superior order 3rd July was discovered a
          90. treason
          91. in the cartridges given the troops 
          92. that is were full of semolina, not powder 
          93. and cherry stone where shd/have been ball 
          94. and in others too little powder 
          95. Respectons les prêtres, remarked Talleyrand 
          96. 1800 a good grain and wine year 
          97. if you wd/get on well with the peasantry 
          98. of the peninsula. 
          99. Premier Brumaire
          100. Vous voudrez citoyen
          101. turn over all sums in yr/ cash box 
          102. to the community, fraternité, greetings. 
          103. Delort 
          104. acting for Dupont Lieutenant General 
          105. Louis King of Etruria, Primus, absolute, without constitution. 
          106. taxes so heavy that are thought to be more than 
          107. paid by subjects of Britain. 
          108. Gen. Clarke to the Ministro degli Esteri
          109. Whereas the fruits of the Mount were the 2/3rds of the one percent 
          110. wherewith to pay all current expenses. Madame ma soeur et cousine
          111. I have received Your Majesty’s letter of 
          112. November twenty-fourth I 
          113. suppose that in the actual circumstances 
          114. She will be in a hurry to get to Spain or at least to 
          115. leave a country where she can no longer 
          116. stay with the dignity befitting her rank. 
          117. I have given orders that she be 
          118. received in my kingdom of Italy 
          119. and in my French States with honours that are due her.
          120. If your Majesty should be in Milan or Turin 
          121. before the 18th of december I should have the 
          122. advantage of seeing her. I am sending an officer my 
          123. aide de camp, General Reile who will deliver this letter. 
          124. He will be charged at the same time to take measures 
          125. for the security of the country and 
          126. to remove men who could trouble its quiet, 
          127. since I learn that Your Majesty has already thought necessary 
          128. to import troops from Lisbon
          129. My troops shd have by now entered that capital 
          130. and taken possession of Portugal 
          131. Wherewith I pray God, Madam my sister and cousin, 
          132. he be pleased to have you in holy and worthy keeping 

          133. At Venice, december fifth 1807 
          134. Your Majesty’s kind brother and cousin 
          135. NAPOLEON 
          136. (his secretary mixing the pronouns You, She, she all to Majesty) 
          137. And those men who ‘with bestial enthusiasm’ took horse place 
          138. were, says the much lesser Bandini, paid by the prefect 
          139. and beforehand prepared. 

          140. “Artists high rank, in fact sole social summits 
          141. which the tempest of politics can not reach,”
          142. which remark appears to have been made by 
          143. Napoleon 
          144. And ‘Semiramis’ 1814 departed from Lucca 
          145. but her brother’s law code remains. 
          146. monumento di civile sapienza
          147. dried swamps, grew cotton, brought in merinos 
          148. mortgage system improved 
          149. ‘Thank god such men be but few’
          150. though they build up human courage 
          151. And before him had been Pietro Leopoldo 
          152. that wished state debt brought to an end; 
          153. that put the guilds under common tribunal; 
          154. that left names only as vestige of feudal chain; 
          155. that lightened mortmain that princes and church be under tax 
          156. as were others; that ended the gaolings for debt; 
          157. that said thou shalt not sell public offices; 
          158. that suppressed so many gabelle
          159. that freed the printers of surveillance 
          160. and wiped out the crime of lèse majesty
          161. that abolished death as a penalty and all tortures in prisons 
          162. which he held were for segregation; 
          163. that split common property among tillers; 
          164. roads, trees, and the wool trade, 
          165. the silk trade, and a set price, lower, for salt; 
          166. plus another full page of such actions Habsburg Lorraine 
          167. His son the Third Ferdinando, cut taxes by half, 
          168. improved tillage in Val di Chiana, Livorno porto franco

          169. and this day came Madame Letizia
          170. the ex-emperor’s mother, and on the 13th departed. 

          171. ‘The foundation, Siena, has been to keep bridle on usury.’
          172. Nicolò Piccolomini, Provveditore

A Draft of XXX Cantos

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