jeffersons library at monticello



  1. Dasenbrock, Reed Way: “Jefferson and/or Adams: A Shifting Mirror for Mussolini in the Middle Cantos.” ELH 55.2 (1988): 505-526.
  2. Dowthwaite, James. “Canto 21.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2018. 201-12.
  3. Houwen, Andrew. “Ezra Pound’s Early Cantos and His Translation of Takasago.” Review of English Studies 65.269 (2014): 321-341.
  4. Knapp, James F. “Discontinuous Form in Modern Poetry: Myth and Counter-Myth.” boundary 2 12.1 (Autumn 1983): 149-166.
  5. Peter Liebregts, “‘Damned to you Midas, Midas lacking a Pan’: Ezra Pound and the Use of Pan.” Ezra Pound’s Green World: Nature, Landscape and Language. Eds. Walter Baumann and Caterina Ricciardi. Brighton: Everett Root Publishers, 2019. 123-136.
  6. Nicholls, Peter. “Gold and Gloom in Ravenna: On a Line in Ezra Pound’s Cantos.” Modern Philology 119.4 (May 2022): 535-554. Abstract.



  1. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Annotazioni XXI.” Ezra Pound XXX Cantos. Parma: Ugo Guanda, 2012. 347. 
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. The Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 426.
  3. Bush, Ronald. 1976. The Genesis of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1992. 102; 118.
  4. Cookson, William. “The Medici-Florence.” A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2001. 34-36. 
  5. Davenport, Guy. “The Discontinuous Gods.” In Cities on Hills. A Study of I-XXX of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Epping: Bowker, 1983. 212-14.
  6. Davenport, Guy. “Persephone’s Ezra.” New Approaches to Ezra Pound. Ed. Eva Hesse. London: Faber, 1969. 155-56; Ezra Pound’s Cantos. A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 47-64. 
  7. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: XXI [Medici].” Ezra Pound I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1515. 
  8. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. 123. 
  9. Furia, Philip. Pound’s Cantos Declassified.  University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1984. 47-49.
  10. Gibson, Mary Ellis. Epic Reinvented: Ezra Pound and the Victorians. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1995. 117-18.
  11. Hesse, Eva. “Books behind The Cantos. Part One: Canto I-XXX.” Paideuma 1.2 (Winter 1972): 150.
  12. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto XXI.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. Eds. Manfred Pfister and Heinz Ickstadt. Zurich: Arche Literatur Verlag, 2013. 1226-28.
  13. Kenner, Hugh. The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1971. 343.
  14. Korg, Jacob. “The Cantos.” Ritual and Experiment in Modern Poetry. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 1995.
  15. Liebregts, Peter. “Canto XXI and To KALON.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP 2004. 185-186.
  16. Makin, Peter. “Cantos XXI and XXV.” Pound’s Cantos. London: Allen & Unwin, 1985. 158-62.
  17. Moody, David A. Ezra Pound: Poet. A Portrait of the Man & His Work. Vol. II: The Epic Years. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2014. 85-86.
  18. Nassar, Eugene Paul. The Cantos of Ezra Pound. The Lyric Mode. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1975. 42-44.
  19. Oderman, Kevin. “Extracts from Ezra Pound and the Erotic Medium.” Ezra Pound’s Cantos. A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 138. 
  20. Ricciardi, Caterina. “Tempus Loquendi: il ‘monumento’ di Jefferson e Adams.” In  Ezra Pound: Ghiande di luce.  Rimini: Raffaelli Editore, 2006. 99-120.
  21. Surette, Leon. A Light from Eleusis: A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979. 46-47.
  22. Terrell, Carroll F. A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. 85-89. 



  1. “Canto XXI.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 7 February 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  2. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XXI.” The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Etching series. 4 October 2012. Tumblr.com. Accessed 6 December 2017. 
  3. Sawyer, Richard. “The Golden Tiger Mysteries in Canto 21 & the Fire-Kindling Rite in Canto 39.” The Cantos Project, 16 February 2020. Free online.
  4. Sellar, Gord. “Blogging Pound’s The Cantos: Canto XX-XXII.” gordsellar.com, 5 June 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2015. Free online.


Cantos in periodicals

Three Cantos (Ur-Cantos)

lake garda 267823





A Draft of XXX Cantos

A Draft of XVI Cantos


Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti

The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2