320px Biblioteca Ambrosiana 2010



  1. Flory, Wendy Stallard. “Pound’s Blake and Blake’s Dante: ‘the Circle of the Lustful’ and Canto 20.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 6.2 (1977): 155-65. 
  2. Kenner, Hugh. "Notes on Amateur Emendations." In A Poem Containing History. Textual Studies in The Cantos. Ed. Lawrence Rainey. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1997. 21-29. p.22.
  3. Mihálka, Réka. “Canto 20.” Readings in the Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2018. 187-200.
  4. Ozturk, Anthony. “Quattrocento Vortex: The Schifanoja Frescoes and Ezra Pound’s Cantos.” Affirming the Gold Thread: Aldington, Hemingway, Pound & Imagism in Torcello and Venice. Proceedings of the IV International Imagism / VIII International Richard Aldington Conference. Eds. Matthew Nickel and H.R. Stoneback. Bradenton, FL: Florida English, 2014.  107-122.
  5. Paden, William D. “Pound’s Use of Troubadour Manuscripts.” Comparative Literature 32.4 (Autumn 1980): 402-12.
  6. Peck, John. “Arras and Painted Arras.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 3.1 (1974): 61-6.
  7. Ricciardi, Caterina. “Archives.” Ezra Pound in Context. Ed. Ira Nadel. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010. 148-58.
  8. Sicari, Stephen. “Reading Pound’s Politics: Ulysses as Fascist Hero.” Paideuma 17.2-3 (Fall-Winter 1988): 145-168. Read article
  9. Stevens, Jeremy. “What the Nightingale Sings: History, Lyric, and the Modernist Epic.” English Literary History 87.1 (Spring 2020): 245-272 [a reading of the figure of the nightingale in T.S. Eliot's “A Game of Chess” section in The Waste Land and Ezra Pound’s Canto 20].  Free online and here.



  1. Alexander, Michael. The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 165-68.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Annotazioni XX.” Ezra Pound XXX Cantos. Parma: Ugo Guanda, 2012. 346-47.
  3. Bacigalupo, Massimo. The Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 46.
  4. Baumann, Walter. The Rose in the Steel Dust. Bern: Franke, 1967. 67-72.
  5. Brooker, Peter. A Student’s Guide to The Selected Poems of Ezra Pound. London: Faber, 1979. 266-69.
  6. Culligan Flack, Leah. Modernism and Homer. The Odysseys of H.D., James Joyce, Osip Mandelstam, and Ezra Pound. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015. 52-56.
  7. Davenport, Guy. “The Lotus Eaters.” Cities on Hills. A Study of I-XXX of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Epping: Bowker, 1983. 205-10.
  8. Davenport, Guy. “Persephone’s Ezra.” New Approaches to Ezra Pound: A Co-Ordinated Investigation of Pound’s Poetry and Ideas. Ed. Eva Hesse. London: Faber & Faber, 1969. 155.
  9. Davie, Donald. Poet as Sculptor. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1968. 133-34.
  10. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: XX [Lotofagoi].” Ezra Pound I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1514.
  11. Dennis, Helen. A New Approach to the Poetry of Ezra Pound through the Medieval Provençal Aspect. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Pres, 1996. 192-98.
  12. Dowthwaite, James. Ezra Pound and 20th-Century Theories of Language. Faith with the Word. London: Routledge, 2019. 58-62.
  13. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. 132-36.
  14. Froula, Christine. “Canto XX.” In A Guide to Ezra Pound’s Selected Poems. New York: New Directions, 1983. 155-57.
  15. Hesse, Eva. “Books behind The Cantos. Part One: Canto I-XXX.” Paideuma 1.2 (Winter 1972): 149.
  16. Ickstadt, Heinz and Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto XX.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. Eds. Manfred Pfister and Heinz Ickstadt. Zurich: Arche Literatur Verlag, 2013. 1224-26.
  17. Kayman, Martin A. The Modernism of Ezra Pound. The Science of Poetry. Houndmills: Palgrave, 1986. 127-29.
  18. Kenner, Hugh. “Ezra Pound.” Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 31.
  19. Kenner, Hugh. 1951. The Poetry of Ezra Pound. Lincoln: U of Nebraska Press, 1985. 68-69.
  20. Kenner, Hugh. The Pound Era. London: Faber 1971. 114-17.
  21. Liebregts, Peter. “Canto XX: The Sound of Vision and the Direction of the Will.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP 2004. 178-184.
  22. Morrison, Paul. The Poetics of Fascism. Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Paul de Man. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. 46.
  23. Nassar, Eugene Paul. The Cantos of Ezra Pound. The Lyric Mode. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1975. 39-43.
  24. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing; A Study of ‘The Cantos’. London, 1984. 43-44.
  25. Pryor, Sean. W. B. Yeats, Ezra Pound and the Poetry of Paradise. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011. 75-78.
  26. Ricciardi, Caterina. Eikones. Ezra Pound e il Rinascimento. Napoli: Liguori Editore, 1991. 245-67.
  27. Sicari, Stephen. Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 40-44.
  28. Sieburth, Richard. “Notes. Canto XX.” Ezra Pound. New Selected Poems and Translations. Ed. Richard Sieburth. New York: New Directions, 2010. 315-17.
  29. Surette, Leon. A Light from Eleusis: A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979. 255-56.
  30. Terrell, Carroll. F. “Canto XX.” A Companion to the Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California Press, 80-84. 
  31. Ullyot, Jonathan. "The Lotophagoi: Confusion and Renewal." Ezra Pound and his Classical Sources: The Cantos and the Primal Matter of Troy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2022. 121-160. Chapter extracts.
  32. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound in London and Paris. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990. 67-68; 72-73.



  1. “Canto XX.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 5 February 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  2. Augusto e o Canto XX. [Augusto de Campos reading a part of Canto XX in Portuguese translation]. YouTube. Free online.
  3. Canto XX in bilingual presentation: English and Hungarian. Babelmatrix: Babel Web Anthology – the Multilingual Literature Portal.Free online.
  4. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XX.” paulusvidius.tumblr.com. 2 October 2012. Free online.
  5. Sellar, Gordon. Blogging Pound’s The Cantos. Canto XX-XXII. 2 June 2012. Free online.
  6. Wilson, Robert Anton. “Robert Anton Wilson commentary on The Cantos of Ezra Pound.” Robert Anton Wilson Online Library, 2003. Free online.


Cantos in periodicals

Three Cantos (Ur-Cantos)

lake garda 267823





A Draft of XXX Cantos

A Draft of XVI Cantos


Eleven New Cantos

rsz guido cavalcanti

The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2