lincoln steffens












  1. Augustine. City of God. Tr. Marcus Dods. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1913. Internet Archive.
  2. Beall, John. “Pound’s Composition of Canto XVI: ‘J’entendis des voix.’” The Cantos Project, 2017. Free online.
  3. Cardinal, Peire. “Una ciutatz fo, no sai cals.” Œuvres complètes bilingues de Pèire Cardenal. Free online.
  4. Cavendish, Richard. “The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.” History Today 58.3 (March 2008). Free online.
  5. Erdman, David V. 1954. Blake, Prophet against Empire. New York: Dover, 1991.
  6. Hemingway, Ernest. Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Scribner, 1987.
  7. Hesiod. Hesiod. The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Perseus.
  8. Kearns, George. Guide to Ezra Pound's Selected Cantos. New Brunswick: Rutgers, UP, 1980. 67-72.
  9. Lewis, Wyndham. Blasting and Bombardeering. Autobiography 1914-1926. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1937.
  10. Moody, David. Ezra Pound: Poet. Vol. I. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007.
  11. Plarr, Victor Gustave. “Strasbourg.” The Times, 18 December 1918. 11.
  12. Sordello. “Planher vuelh en Blacatz en aquest leugier so.” Lyrics of the Middle Ages: An Anthology. Trans. and ed. James J. Wilhelm. London: Routledge, 1990. Print. 113-14. The Cantos Project.
  13. Terrell, Carroll F. A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. 69-72. 
  14. Wilhelm, James J. Ezra Pound in London and Paris, 1908-1925. University Park: Penn State Press, 1990.



  1. “Augustine: Political and Social Philosophy.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  2. “How to Fake a Thick Russian Accent.” wikiHow.
  3. “Nikolay Lavrentyevich Golijewski.” Russian Wikipedia.
  4.  “The Sacred Way.” Chemins de Memoire. Free online.
  5. Cam Vale Parish Council. "Lest We Forget." Longburton War Memorial. Free online
  6. Preda, Roxana. The Online Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. The Cantos Project 2014-
  7. Thompson, F. M. L. "Algernon Percy, 4th Duke of Northumberland." Wikipedia.



  1. "Gareth Hamilton Fletcher." Photo portrait, circa 1914. Imperial War Museums. Free online
  2. “Douglas Haig.” By Elliott & Fry - Evelyn Wood (1917). Winnowed Memories. London: Cassell and Company. 126. Wikipedia.
  3. “Ernest Hemingway.” Photo portrait. Ermeni Studios, Milan 1918. National Archives and Records Administration. Wikipedia
  4. “Fernand Leger.” Photo portrait, ca. 1916. Wikipedia.
  5. “Henri Gaudier Brzeska.” Photo portrait, n.d. ca 1913.
  6. “Leon Trotsky.” Photo Portrait. n.d.  Wikipedia
  7. “Lincoln Steffens.” Photo portrait. ca. 1920. NY Times.
  8. “Nikolay Lavrentyevich Golijewski.” Photo portrait of 1904-1905. Russian Wikipedia.
  9. “Peire Cardenal.” Illumination of a Provençal songbook of mid 13th century. Paris: Bibliothèque de France. BnF Ms. 12473 fol. 149. Gallica Digital Library. Wikipedia.
  10. “Richard Aldington.” Photo portrait. n.d. Source: The Poetry Foundation.
  11. “T.E. Hulme.” Photo portrait in a lieutenant’s uniforn. 1916-17. Wikipedia.
  12. “Victor Plarr.” [On the visit to Wilfred Scawen Blunt in January 1914]. In David Moody Ezra Pound Poet I: 304.
  13. Beresford, George Charles. Wyndham Lewis. 1917. London: National Portrait Gallery. Wikipedia.
  14. Blake, William. The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve. Ink, tempera and gold on mahogany. ca. 1826. London: Tate.
  15. Cabanel, Alexandre. Portrait of Napoleon III. Oil on canvas. 1865. Compiègne: Musée National du Château.
  16. Della Francesca, Piero. Portrait of Sigismondo Malatesta. Ca. 1451. Paris: Louvre. Wikipedia.
  17. di Michelino, Domenico. Dante, between Florence and Purgatory. 1450. Mural. Florence: Duomo. Wikipedia.
  18. Grant, Francis. Portrait of Algernon Percy, 4th Duke of Northumberland. 1845. Newcastle Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Wikipedia.
  19. Nadar. Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet. Wikipedia
  20. van Ghent, Justus (JOOS van Wassenhove). St Augustine. Oil on wood. 1474. Paris: Louvre. Wikipedia.


Cantos in periodicals

Three Cantos (Ur-Cantos)

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A Draft of XXX Cantos

A Draft of the Cantos 17-27

Eleven New Cantos

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The Fifth Decad

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