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  1. Adams, Stephen J. “Apovitch in Canto XII.” Paideuma 15.2-3 (Fall and Winter 1986): 131-133.
  2. Jaffe, Aaron. “Canto 12.” Readings in The Cantos. Ed. Richard Parker. Clemson: Clemson UP, 2018. 121-34.
  3. Jaffe, Aaron. “Paleolithic Media: Deep Time and Ezra Pound’s Methods.” Ezra Pound in the Present. Essays on Pound’s Contemporaneity. Eds. Paul Stasi and Josephine Park. London: Bloomsbury, 2016. 45-74.



  1. Albright, Daniel. “Early Cantos. I-XLI.” Cambridge Companion to Ezra Pound. Ed. Ira Nadel. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999. 75-76. pdf.
  2. Alexander, Michael. The Poetic Achievement of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California Press, 1979. 156-57.
  3. Bacigalupo, Massimo. “Annotazioni XII.” Ezra Pound XXX Cantos. Parma: Ugo Guanda, 2012. 343-44.
  4. Bacigalupo, Massimo. ”To Verona.” In Venice and in the Veneto with Ezra Pound. Eds. Rosella Mamoli Zorzi, John Gery, Massimo Bacigalupo and Stefano M. Casella. Venezia: Supernova, 2007. 75-82.
  5. Blanton, Eric. Epic Negation. The Dialectical Poetics of Late Modernism. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2015. 86-90.
  6. Bush, Ronald. The Genesis of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Princeton N.J.: Princeton UP, 1979. 249-50.
  7. Cookson, William. “The Quotidian.” In A Guide to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. London: Anvil, 2001. 25.
  8. De Rachewiltz, Mary and Maria Ardizzone. “Commento: XII.” Ezra Pound I Cantos. A cura di Mary de Rachewiltz. [Bilingual English-Italian edition]. Milano: Mondadori, 1985. 1510-11.
  9. Davidson, Michael. “Pregnant Men; Modernism, Disability, and Biofuturity in Djuna Barnes.” Novel: a Forum on Fiction  (Summer 2010): 207-226.
  10. Hartnett, Stephen. “The Ideologies and Semiotics of Fascism: Analyzing Pound’s Cantos 12-15.” boundary 2 20.1 (1993): 65-93. Print.
  11. Ickstadt, Heinz und Eva Hesse. “Anmerkungen und Kommentar: Canto XII.” Ezra Pound. Die Cantos. Tr. by Eva Hesse and Manfred Pfister. Eds. Manfred Pfister and Heinz Ickstadt. Zurich: Arche Literatur Verlag, 2013. 1217.
  12. Kenner, Hugh. The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1971. 455-56.
  13. Liebregts, Peter. Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 161.
  14. Marsh, Alec. Money and Modernity. Pound, Williams and the Spirit of Jefferson. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama Press, 1998. 124-6.
  15. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing. A Study of  The Cantos. London: Macmillan, 1984.
  16. Rainey, Lawrence. Ezra Pound and the Monument of Culture: Text, History, and the Malatesta Cantos. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
  17. Redman, Tim. Ezra Pound and Italian Fascism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. 74-75.
  18. Ricciardi, Caterina. Ezra Pound: Ghiande di Luce. Rimini: Raffaeli Editore, 2006. [“Dai gradini dell’Arena a New York” 25-48.]
  19. Wilhelm, J. J. Ezra Pound in London and Paris (1908-1925). University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State UP, 1990. 62-63.



  1. “Canto XII.” A Canto a Day. Blog, 19 January 2009. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  2. Busto, Ernesto Hernández. “De la usura cubana en el canto XII de Ezra Pound.” Penúltimos Dias Cultura, 16 February 2014. Free online.
  3. “Ezra Pound: Canto XII.” The Coffee PhilosopherFree online.
  4. Guidi, Paolo. “Canto XII.” The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Etching series. September 2012. Accessed 4 August 2018. Free online.
  5. Sellar, Gordon. “Blogging Pound’s The Cantos: Canto XII-XIII.”, 24 April 2012. Web. Free online.



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