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  1. “Benedetto Varchi.” In Enciclopedia dell ItalianoTreccani
  2. Aeschylus. “Agamemnon.” In Aeschylus, trans. Herbert Weir Smyth. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926. Perseus.
  3. Bacigalupo, Massimo. The Forméd Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 28-31.
  4. Bressan, Eloisa. Il vortice greco-provenzale nell’Inferno de “I Cantos”. MA thesis, Padua U, 2012. Free online.
  5. Dall’Aglio, Stefano. Duke’s Assassin. Exile and Death of Lorenzino de Medici. Trans. Donald Weinstein. New Haven: Yale UP, 2015.
  6. Fletcher, Catherine. The Black Prince of Florence. The Spectacular Life and Treacherous World of Alessandro de’ Medici. London: Bodley Head, 2016.
  7. Griffith, R. Drew. “Homeric ΔΙΙΠΕΤΕΟΣ ΠΟΤΑΜΟΙΟ and the Celestial Nile.” American Journal of Philology 118.3 (Autumn 1997): 353-62. 
  8. Hersch, Karen. The Roman Wedding. Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.
  9. Hesse, Eva. “‘Schiavoni’ Or: When St. Hieronymus Turned His Back.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 4.1 (1975): 105-10.
  10. Kenner, Hugh. The Pound Era. London: Laber & Faber, 1971. 55-59.
  11. Liebregts, Peter. Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Farley Dickinson, 2004. 147-151. 
  12. Liebregts, Peter. “Wrestling with Verbiage: Ezra Pound, Thomas Stanley and Aeschylus.” Ezra Pound and London: New Perspectives. New York: AMS Press, 2015. 95-109.
  13. Moramarco, Fred. “Schiavoni: ‘that Chap on the Wood Barge’.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 4.1 (1975): 101-4. 
  14. Redman, Tim. “Pound’s Library: A Preliminary Catalog.” Paideuma: A Journal Devoted to Ezra Pound Scholarship 15. 2/3 (Fall & Winter 1986): 213-237.
  15. Siekiera, Anna. “Benedetto Varchi.” In Enciclopedia dell Italiano Treccani.
  16. Surette, Leon. A Light from Eleusis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979. XLibrix, 2000. 55-56.
  17. Terrell, Carroll F.  “Canto V.” In A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. 16-21.



  1. Agamemnon and Achilles. Roman mosaic in the House of Apollo in Pompei. Naples: Archeological Museum. Wikimedia Commons.
  2. Anon. [Bronzino’s Atelier]. Portrait of Alessandro de Medici (il Moro). Florence: Galeria degli Uffizzi.
  3. Anon. Portrait of Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Gandia. Author, date, and location unknown. Wikimedia Commons.
  4. Baraballo riding the Pope’s elephant to his coronation. Cod. Barb. Lat 4410, fol. 32r. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. Wikimedia Commons.
  5. Clytemnestra killing Agamemnon. Scene from Iphigenie en Tauride, by C. W. Glück. Performed by Jennette Lajeunesse Zingg and Curtis Sullivan. Toronto: Opera Atelier, 2009. Source.
  6. Giovanni Bellini. Portrait of Bartolomeo D’Alviano. Washington: National Gallery.
  7. Julius Caesar. Film, 1953. Still.
  8. Savaric de Mauleon. Gallica Digital Library. Paris: Bibliothèque de France.
  9. Gaubertz de Poicebot (Jausbert de Puycibot). Gallica Digital Library. Paris: Bibliothèque de France.
  10. Gustave Doré. Illustrations to Dante Alighieri, Paradise Book XVIII. Project Gutenberg.
  11. Stasys Eidrigevičius. Lorenzaccio. Poster for Alfred de Musset’s play Lorenzaccio, Lyon 2010.
  12. Juan Cruz Melero. Martialis. Bust. Calatayud, Spain: Plaza del Fuerte.
  13. Titian. Portrait of Benedetto Varchi, 1540. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum.
  14. Titian. Portrait of Girolamo Fracastoro, 1528. London: National Gallery.
  15. Titian. Portrait of Jacopo Sanazzaro (ca. 1514-18). London: Royal Collection.


Cantos in periodicals

Three Cantos (Ur-Cantos)

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A Draft of XXX Cantos

A Draft of the Cantos 17-27

Eleven New Cantos

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The Fifth Decad

rsz toscana siena3 tango7174


confucius adams 2